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Aircraft Design Project 2

# Aircraft Design Project 2

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10/27/2013

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1
1.

Introduction
1.1

Overview:
whose cross section is an ‘I’ section. Apart from th
e spars to take the bendingloads, suitable stringers need to take the shear loads acting on the wings.Unlike the wing, which is subjected to mainly unsymmetrical load, thefuselage is much simpler for structural analysis due to its symmetrical crossingand symmetrical loading. The main load in the case of fuselage is the shear loadbecause the load acting on the wing is transferred to the fuselage skin in theform of shear only. The structural design of both wing and fuselage begin withshear force and bending moment diagrams for the respective members. Themaximum bending stress produced in each of them is checked to be less thanthe yield stress of the material chosen for the respective member.

2
1.2

Outline:

V-n diagram for the design study

Gust and maneuverability envelopes

Schrenk’s Curve

Structural design study
–
Theory approach

Material Selection for structural members

Detailed structural layouts

Design of some components of wings, fuselage
1.3

–
1
Take off Gross Weight,
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Maximum Velocity,
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Cruise Velocity,
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Stall Velocity,
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3
Table 1-1: Mass ratio Split up
Components

Mass Fraction

Crew
0.00053146
Landing Gear
0.042516824
0.190144687
Fixed Equipment
0.002262033
Fuselage mass
0.085033649
Horizontal Stablizer
0.012597578
Vertical Stabilizer
0.006298789
Wing Structure
0.125975776
Fuel
0.4810995
Power plant
0.053539705
Total
1Cruise Altitude = 12 kmThe airfoil used her is NACA 65
3
- 418Density at cruise altitude,
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Cruise C_L @ Cruise altitude,
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

@ 16
˚ aoa

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@ 14 ˚ since tail angle is 15.56 ˚

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@ -
14 ˚ aoa

 



c
r
= 11.593 m