The robot has been built using the following components-
Motor Driver IC-
Quad OP-AMP IC-
IR LED & IR PHOTODIODE
Voltage Regulator- IC-L
Resistances, Capacitors, Diodes
Varo Board, Switches, IC base, Connectors, Wires, etc.
Chassis, Wheel, Free Wheel
In addition we have used
ARE-LAB microcontroller burner
to burn thehex code to the microcontroller and
KEIL u vision3
simulator softwareto generating the hex code from assembly language and
circuit simulator software to design and testing of circuit.
It has infrared sensors on the bottom for detecting black tracking tape. Line position is captured with the help of these optical sensors ( IR LED & IR photodiode pair) mounted at the front end of the robot. when the sensor detect the black surface, output of the comparator, LM324 is low, while for white surface the output is high. It is sent as input to the microcontroller for accurate control and steering of motors.Microcontroller AT89C52 and motor driver L293D are used to drive themotors.