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Line Follower Robot

Line Follower Robot

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Published by kawish4u
This was my first robotics university project. You can understand a lot of basics about robotics & electronics by designing this basic level of robot. If found any difficulty contact me by mail.

Mail: s.kawish@gmail.com
Facebook :
http://facebook.com/shamail.kawish


Shamail Ahmad "Kawish"
Electronic Engineer
Rollc For Trading Limited
Riyadh, KSA

This was my first robotics university project. You can understand a lot of basics about robotics & electronics by designing this basic level of robot. If found any difficulty contact me by mail.

Mail: s.kawish@gmail.com
Facebook :
http://facebook.com/shamail.kawish


Shamail Ahmad "Kawish"
Electronic Engineer
Rollc For Trading Limited
Riyadh, KSA

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Published by: kawish4u on Feb 28, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/16/2013

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[Pick the date]LINE FOLLOWER ROBOT | SHAMAIL AHMAD
UNIVERSITY 
 
INSITUTE 
 
OF 
 
TECHNOLOGY 
LINE 
 
FOLLOWER
 
ROBOT 
 
THE UNIVERSITY OF BURDWAN
Presented by:
SHAMAIL AHMAD
UNIVERSITY INSITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY THE UNIVERSITY OF BURDWAN
 
 INTRODUCTION:
The line follower is a self operating robot that detects and follows a linethat is drawn on the floor. The path consists of a black line on a whitesurface (or vice versa).The control system used must sense a line and maneuver the robot to stayon course, while constantly correcting the wrong moves using feedback mechanism, thus forming a simple yet effective closed loop System. Therobot is designed to follow very tight curves.
Practical applications of a line follower: Automated cars running on roads,
guidance system for industrial robots moving on shop floor etc.
SAMPLE PATH:
The path is a black line on a white background with width of 2 cm (except at bends where a little variation may be present).
Robot Track 
 
BASIC REQUIREMENTS:
The robot has been built using the following components-
 
Microcontroller IC-
 AT 89C52
(24PI)
 
Motor Driver IC-
L 293D
NE 
 
Quad OP-AMP IC-
LM 324
N
 
Sensor-
IR LED & IR PHOTODIODE 
 
 
Voltage Regulator- IC-L
7805
CV, UA
7812
 
Power Supply-
Ni-Cd battery 
( 10x1.36V=13.6V)
 
Motor-12V (2)
 
Indicators-
LED
s
 
Crystal Osillator-11.0592MHz
 
Musical IC 
UM-66
19L, Transistor 
BC 548 
 , Buzzer 
 
Resistances, Capacitors, Diodes
 
Varo Board, Switches, IC base, Connectors, Wires, etc.
 
Chassis, Wheel, Free Wheel 
 
In addition we have used 
 ARE-LAB microcontroller burner 
to burn thehex code to the microcontroller and 
KEIL u vision3
simulator softwareto generating the hex code from assembly language and 
Tina8 
circuit simulator software to design and testing of circuit.
BASIC OPERATION:
It has infrared sensors on the bottom for detecting black tracking tape. Line position is captured with the help of these optical sensors ( IR LED & IR photodiode pair) mounted at the front end of the robot. when the sensor detect the black surface, output of the comparator, LM324 is low, while for white surface the output is high. It is sent as input to the microcontroller for accurate control and steering of motors.Microcontroller AT89C52 and motor driver L293D are used to drive themotors.

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