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National Alliance For Syria: 46 Questions on Syria

National Alliance For Syria: 46 Questions on Syria

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Published by Mar15Syria

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Published by: Mar15Syria on Feb 28, 2012
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www.AllianceForSyria.org www.facebook.com/AllianceForSyria www.twitter.com/alliance4syr 
46 Questions on Syria
What’s going on in Syria?
Since March 2011 and inspired by uprisings across the Arab world, millions of Syrians have taken to the streets to peacefully demand the end of the Assadfamily’s 40-year brutal regime and a transition to democracy.2.
What was the trigger for the protests?
The protests were triggered by the torture of children who, inspired byrevolutions in Tunisia & Egypt, sprayed anti-regime graffiti in the southernSyrian city of Daraa. What began as provincial grievances against corruption,nepotism, and human rights abuses has now reached a tipping point, withlarge segments of the Syrian population supporting the fall of the Assadregime – there are major protests in every city, every day.3.
How has the Assad regime responded?
The Assad regime’s response to the peaceful, pro-democracy demands hasbeen a full-scale military operation against unarmed civilians. As of earlyJanuary 2012:
Human rights researchers, including Amnesty International, HumanRights Watch, and Avaaz, have reported that more than6,000civilians have been murdered, including hundreds of children
More than 1,000 Syrian soldiers have been executed by the regime forrefusing to shoot unarmed protesters
Approximately 100,000 persons are missing or confirmed detained.They face torture and, in many cases, death
More than 17,000 people have become externally displaced refugees inTurkey, Lebanon, and Jordan
There are tens of thousands of internally displaced civilians
What are the Syrian people demanding?
The people are demanding the fall of the Assad regime; not just Bashar.They have rejected the regime's disingenuous announcements of so-calledreforms and calls for dialogue with the regime. In Syrians’ opinion, theregime has lost credibility and any opportunity to deliver substantive,meaningful reforms.
For the first 6 months of the revolution, the protest movement held three keypillars:
This is a peaceful revolution – no to violent resistance
www.AllianceForSyria.org www.facebook.com/AllianceForSyria www.twitter.com/alliance4syr 
The Syrian people are ONE – no to sectarianism
This is a Syrian people’s revolution – no to foreign military intervention
Now however, due to the sheer brutality of the regime, there iswidespread recognition that the combination of civil resistance,development of the Free Syrian Army (FSA), and internationalpressure is the model to lead to the regime’s collapse.The Syrian protests continue to be largely peaceful, as demonstratedby the creative civil disobedience demonstrations that have occurredthroughout the country.
Has the protests and revolution lost steam?
On the contrary. TheLocal Coordination Committees in Syria (LCC), whichcoordinates protests on the ground, has documented a steady increase in thenumber of demonstration points across the country.Resentment and hatred for the regime has not subsided, instead, is fuelingprotestors even more. Much of this is due to:
The rising death toll of Syrians by the hands of the regime
Increasing number of detentions by the government
Collective punishment of certain towns and cities where theregime has cut off electricity, water, and lines of communication
While rural areas have maintained a very high profile in demonstrations, thecapital Damascus and 2
largest city Aleppo are also becoming centers of resistance to the regime.
But wasn’t Bashar elected by the people?
Assad “inherited” Syria in July 2000 after the death of his father Hafez Al-Assad, who ruled Syria as a police state for 30 years. At the age of 34, Basharal-Assad, an ophthalmologist who studied in England, was thrust into powerthrough the regime’s nomination. His election was rubberstamped by areferendum vote of over 97% (according to government statistics), but hewas the only candidate on the ballot.Interestingly, the Syrian constitution’s age requirement for President waschanged within hours, from 40 to 34, to allow this nomination. Does thissound like Bashar al-Assad was freely elected?
But why doesn’t Bashar stop the killing or step down?
It is a mistake to separate Bashar Al-Assad from the rest of the regime. He ispurely the symbol/ figurehead of a close-knit family mafia that runs thecountry.
www.AllianceForSyria.org www.facebook.com/AllianceForSyria www.twitter.com/alliance4syr 
They cannot simply step down, as the family mafia is inextricably intertwinedwith all elements of Syrian political and economic power.
These are some of the inner circle individuals responsible for the brutalrepression:
Maher Al-Assad – Bashar’s brother and commander of thearmed forces, specifically republican guard and 4
Rami Makhlouf – Bashar’s cousin, and the regime fianancier.They call him “Mr. 10%” as he take a cut out of every industry/business deal in the country
Anisa Makhlouf – Bashar’s mother, and key advisor. She hasbeen firm in advising Bashar to crush the revolution, in thesame manner as his father Hafez did
Assef Shawkat – Married to Bashar’s sister, Bushra, deputychief-of-staff of the armed forces
Abdulfattah Qudsiyeh – head of military intelligence andresponsible for loyalty of the armed forces
Jamil Hassan – head of Air force intelligence, one of the keysecurity forces carrying out the brutality
Ali Mamlouk – head of General Security
Rustum Ghazali – head of military intelligence (Dimashq)
Dhu AL-Himma Shalish – cousin of Bashar and head of security
Muhammad Nasif Kheirbek - Deputy vice-president for securityaffair sand a close Assad confidante
Decisions are made as a group and these individuals are the tip of the icebergof those who are responsible for the brutality in Syria.
But doesn't Bashar al-Assad need time to reform the country?
This regime had 11 years to deliver reforms, yet provided onlycosmetic reforms until demonstrations started in March 2011. In fact,even the little relaxation of the police state that occurred after Basharal-Assad’s “inheritance” of the throne (in a republic) was followed byserious repression, imprisonment, and torture of peaceful activists (theDamascus Spring).The regime is a de facto continuation of the one Bashar al-Assadinherited from his father, Hafez Al-Assad. While the president himself changed, the inner circle and the “mafia” running the nation has not.
Even putting 11 years aside, Assad could have complied with therequirements he signed up for in the December 2011 Arab LeagueProtocol. In that protocol, Assad committed to withdrawing troops andmilitary equipment from cities, putting an end to the killing, releasingall political prisoners, and allowing foreign media immediate access toSyria. Assad has failed to compy with a single requirement.
Didn’t Bashar improve the nation?

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