The Lissanduff prehistoric earthworks
The Lisanduff earthworks consist of a pair of large concentric embanked enclosures, one with a centraldry area and one with a central spring-fed pool. The earthworks are considered to have had a major ritual/religious significance in the prehistoric period, and are regionally significant for the whole of Northern Ireland. The earthworks are monuments in State Care and PPS 6 Policy BH1 applies. Theearthworks are located on a prominent headland, overlooking the sea, the River Bush, the Dooey dunesystem and Bushfoot strand. They were carefully placed to be seen from the surrounding landscape andin a position to look out on the surrounding landscape. The earthworks’ setting and their relationship withthe surrounding landscape within which that would have acted as a focal point for prehistoriccommunities, is important to our understanding of their original function.The most attractive visitor views available from the earthworks today are those to the east and north-eastacross the River Bush valley, Bushfoot strand and the Dooey dune system, towards the headland at theGiants Causeway. Interpretation panels at the earthworks guide visitors towards these views.The application site encompasses a substantial portion of the most attractive vistas available to visitorsto the earthworks today. The importance of these views to visitor amenity is increased by the fact thatmuch of the area surrounding the earthworks to the north, west and south has been encroached upon bymodern development.NIEA: HMU have now reviewed the photomontages submitted with this application. Whilst weacknowledge that the proposed development will have an adverse visual impact upon public views fromthe Lissanduff earthworks, we accept the photomontages and do not consider the adverse visual impactwill be substantial enough to warrant refusal of planning permission as per Policy BH 1 of PPS 6
Known archaeological remains within the application site
Sand dune systems along the north coast, and elsewhere in Ireland and Britain, are known to be rich inburied archaeological remains. Remains of human settlement dating from the Mesolithic period, up to9000 years ago, through to the Medieval period have previously been recorded with the Dooey dunesystem.These remains, along with those other sites in the surrounding area, indicate that the application site islikely to be rich in buried archaeological remains dating from the Mesolithic period onwards. The Dooeydune system in particular is likely to contain extensive buried archaeological remains in a good state of preservation. This dune system, and consequently the preservation of archaeological remains within it, isparticularly sensitive to change. The majority of recorded archaeological sites in the surrounding arearelate to burial and/or ritual activities, with remains of recorded prehistoric settlement currently beingrelatively rare. For these reasons, and as the remains within the application site should be consideredwithin the context of other recorded sites nearby, the known archaeological remains within theapplication site should be considered as at least of local importance, hence Policy BH 2 of PPS 6applies.