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Tracing Concepts - Volume Issue 28

Tracing Concepts - Volume Issue 28

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Published by Marcell Mars
Tracing concepts: In, out and through Computing — Edwin Gardner & Marcell Mars

While degrees, titles, institutes and schools constitute disciplinary boundaries and define professions, the ideas and concepts that circulate in a discipline are much more difficult, if not impossible, to cage. Ideas are borrowed and appropriated from one field to another. When adopted in new contexts concepts are mutated, bastardized and are re-utilized and, more often than not, depoliticized.

The arrival of the computer has produced a new knowledge field that was especially hungry for, and prolific in, concepts. Since computing is embedding itself ever deeper in the fabric of reality through a pervasive network of connected, communicating and sensing objects, it is worthwhile to trace and characterize the concepts going in, out and through computing from the fields of architecture and philosophy. This is exactly what the Tracing Concepts project deals with. The artificial environment of the computer is a place where particularly abstract concepts find fertile ground. Since “software is perhaps the ultimate heterogeneous technology[, i]t exists simultaneously as an idea, language, technology, and practice” (Nathan Ensmenger). In a very real way, a concept is literally put to work in a programming language, they become operative, mechanical cogs in the machinery of the Universal Machine.

Specifications
2011 - English - 24 pp. - 20 x 27 cm - colour & b/w, Edition: 1000, Concept, research and text: Marcell Mars, Edwin Gardner, Copy editing: Volume magazine, Proofreading and translation: Volume magazine, Steve Chodoriwsky, Dubravka Sekulic, Design: Irma Boom, Oscar David Quijano, Production: Volume magazine, Printing and binding: Die Keure, Brugge
Tracing concepts: In, out and through Computing — Edwin Gardner & Marcell Mars

While degrees, titles, institutes and schools constitute disciplinary boundaries and define professions, the ideas and concepts that circulate in a discipline are much more difficult, if not impossible, to cage. Ideas are borrowed and appropriated from one field to another. When adopted in new contexts concepts are mutated, bastardized and are re-utilized and, more often than not, depoliticized.

The arrival of the computer has produced a new knowledge field that was especially hungry for, and prolific in, concepts. Since computing is embedding itself ever deeper in the fabric of reality through a pervasive network of connected, communicating and sensing objects, it is worthwhile to trace and characterize the concepts going in, out and through computing from the fields of architecture and philosophy. This is exactly what the Tracing Concepts project deals with. The artificial environment of the computer is a place where particularly abstract concepts find fertile ground. Since “software is perhaps the ultimate heterogeneous technology[, i]t exists simultaneously as an idea, language, technology, and practice” (Nathan Ensmenger). In a very real way, a concept is literally put to work in a programming language, they become operative, mechanical cogs in the machinery of the Universal Machine.

Specifications
2011 - English - 24 pp. - 20 x 27 cm - colour & b/w, Edition: 1000, Concept, research and text: Marcell Mars, Edwin Gardner, Copy editing: Volume magazine, Proofreading and translation: Volume magazine, Steve Chodoriwsky, Dubravka Sekulic, Design: Irma Boom, Oscar David Quijano, Production: Volume magazine, Printing and binding: Die Keure, Brugge

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Published by: Marcell Mars on Feb 28, 2012
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02/07/2014

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4
 
@n" I|} dnm ]a{i|ga Ciou|}`ng
Lmw`n Gd{mnl{ & Od{clbb Od{s
VV{{s`ins`in44..55
 
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@n" I|} dnm ]a{i|ga Ciou|}`ng
Lmw`n Gd{mnl{ & Od{clbb Od{s
Wa`bl mlg{lls" }`}bls" `ns}`}|}ls dnm scaiibs cins}`}|}l m`sc`¯ ub`nd{p ki|nmd{`ls dnm mlnl u{iflss`ins" }al `mlds dnm cin¯clu}s }ad} c`{c|bd}l `n d m`sc`ub`nl d{l o|ca oi{l m`f c|b}" `f ni} `ouiss`kbl" }i cdgl. @mlds d{l ki{{iwlm dnm duu{iu{`d}lmf{io inl lbm }i dni}al{. Waln dmiu}lm `n nlw cin}lq}scinclu}s d{l o|}d}lm" kds}d{m`xlm dnm d{l {l¯|}`b`xlm dnm"oi{l if}ln }adn ni}" mluib`}`c`xlm. Waln `} ciols }i `mldswl d{l dbb iuui{}|n`s}s: wl |sl }alo `n i|{ {al}i{`c dnm }isalm nlw b`ga} in fdo`b`d{ u{ikblos. Lol{g`ng jniwblmgllbms d{l lsulc`dbbp a|ng{p fi{ `mlds dnm u{ib`c `n gln¯l{d}`ng nlw inls }ad} }{dvlb dc{iss nl`gaki{`ng m`sc`ub`nlsdnm klpinm.]al d{{`vdb if }al ciou|}l{ ads u{im|clm d nlwjniwblmgl lbm }ad} wds lsulc`dbbp a|ng{p fi{" dnm u{ib`c`n" cinclu}s. S`ncl ciou|}`ng `s loklmm`ng `}slbf lvl{ mllul{`n }al fdk{`c if {ldb`}p }a{i|ga d ul{vds`vl nl}wi{j if cinnlc}lm" cioo|n`cd}`ng dnm slns`ng ikhlc}s" `} `s wi{}a¯wa`bl }i }{dcl dnm cad{dc}l{`xl }al cinclu}s gi`ng `n" i|}dnm }a{i|ga ciou|}`ng. ]a`s `s lqdc}bp wad} }al
]{dc`ngCinclu}s
u{ihlc} mldbs w`}a.]al d{}`c`db lnv`{inoln} if }al ciou|}l{ `s d ubdclwal{l ud{}`c|bd{bp dks}{dc} cinclu}s nm fl{}`bl g{i|nm.S`ncl
‒sif}wd{l `s ul{adus }al |b}`od}l al}l{iglnli|s }lca¯ nibigp" `} lq`s}s s`o|b}dnli|sbp ds dn `mld" bdng|dgl"}lca nibigp" dnm u{dc}`cl‟ 
 
NL;545
. @n d vl{p {ldb wdp" dcinclu} `s b`}l{dbbp u|} }i wi{j vl{p m`ffl{ln}bp }adn `} wi|bmkl `n nd}|{db bdng|dgl" sullca" }ai|ga} i{ oiv`ng `odgls. @nd u{ig{doo`ng bdng|dgl" cinclu}s klciol iul{d}`vl" olca¯dn`cdb cigs `n }al odca`nl{p if }al \n`vl{sdb Odca`nl.
Aiw }i |sl ]{dc`ng Cinclu}s
]a`s `s }al {s} `}l{d}`in – vl{s`in 4.5 – if ]{dc`ng Cinclu}s.@} fic|sls in }al lqcadngl if cinclu}s kl}wlln }al lbms if ciou|}`ng" d{ca`}lc}|{l dnm ua`bisiuap" w`}a d sulc`c `n¯}l{ls} `n }al ikhlc}¯i{`ln}lm ud{dm`go }ad} b`njs }alsl }a{lllbms }igl}al{. ]al mic|oln} `s s}{|c}|{lm ds d sl{`ls if dbuadkl}`xlm lncpcbiulm`d ln}{`ls" wa`ca cdn kl ndv`gd}lmkp }al apul{b`njs }ad} cinnlc} dbb ln}{`ls. Wl lnci|{dgl pi|}i fibbiw }al b`njs" k{ldj i|} if }al nd{{d}`vl" dnm s}d{}wal{l pi| sll } {d}al{ }adn gi`ng f{io D }i X. \nb`jl dnlncpcbiulm`d i|{ ln}{`ls d{l s|khlc}`vl" sllj`ng }i u{ivijldnm ni} `ns`s}`ng in d nl|}{db uis`}`in. Ln}{`ls vd{p f{iomln`}`ins }i lq}lnmlm t|i}d}`ins }i f|bb d{}`cbls. Si|{clscdn kl fi|nm d} }al lnm dnm d{l mlni}lm kp cimls }a{i|gai|}. D} }{dc`ngcinclu}s.nl}" }al }{dc`ng cin}`n|ls.
@n}{im|c}`in
 
3
Dc}i{/Nl}wi{j/]ali{p !DN])
HB;544
 Dc}i{¯Nl}wi{j¯]ali{p `s d m`sud{d}l fdo`bp if od}l{`db¯slo`i}`c }iibs" slns`k`b`}`ls dnm ol}aims if dndbps`s }ad} }{ld}lvl{p}a`ng `n }al sic`db dnm nd}|{db wi{bms ds d cin}`ni|sbp glnl{d}lm lfflc} if }al wlks if {lbd}`ins w`}a`n wa`ca}alp d{l bicd}lm. @} dss|ols }ad} ni}a`ng ads {ldb`}p i{ fi{oi|}s`ml }al lndc}oln} if }aisl {lbd}`ins. @}s s}|m`ls lqubi{ldnm cad{dc}l{`xl }al wlks dnm }al u{dc}`cls }ad} cd{{p }alo.B`jl i}al{ od}l{`db¯slo`i}`c duu{idcals" }al dc}i{¯nl}wi{jduu{idca }a|s mlsc{`kls }al lndc}oln} if od}l{`dbbp dnmm`sc|{s`vlbp al}l{iglnli|s {lbd}`ins }ad} u{im|cl dnm {l¯sa|fl dbb j`nms if dc}i{s `ncb|m`ng ikhlc}s" s|khlc}s" a|odnkl`ngs" odca`nls" dn`odbs" ‑nd}|{l‐" `mlds" i{gdn`xd}`ins" `n¯lt|db`}`ls" scdbls dnm s`xls" dnm glig{dua`cdb d{{dngloln}s.
Dblqdnml{" Ca{`s}iual{
WU;544
 Dblqdnml{ !4036) `s }{d`nlm ds dn d{ca`}lc} dnm od}alod¯}`c`dn. [ldsin`ng }ad} |sl{s jniw oi{l dki|} }al k|`bm`ngs}alp nllm }adn dnp d{ca`}lc} ci|bm" al u{im|clm dnm vdb`md}lm!`n cibbdki{d}`in w`}a Sd{da @sa`jdwd dnm O|{{dp S`bvl{s}l`n)d ‑ud}}l{n bdng|dgl‐ mls`gnlm }i louiwl{ dnpinl }i mls`gndnm k|`bm d} dnp scdbl !u|kb`salm ds
 D
 
 Ud}}l{n Bdng|dgl
)
 
CD4077
. Dblqdnml{ ads g{dm|dbbp uis`}`inlm a`oslbf i|}s`mlcin}loui{d{p d{ca`}lc}|{db m`sci|{sl kp a`s iuuis`}`in }idnp cin}loui{d{p d{ca`}lc}|{db u{dc}`cl d} bd{gl d{g|`ng `n¯s}ldm fi{ d {l}|{n }i u{l¯`nm|s}{`db k|`bm`ng ol}aims dnm fi{a`s fl{vln} klb`lf `n dn ikhlc}`vl }ali{p if kld|}p. Dblqdnml{‐s
 Ni}ls in }al Spn}als`s if Fi{o
 
CD406=
wds{lt|`{lm {ldm`ng fi{ {lsld{cal{s `n ciou|}l{ sc`lncl}a{i|gai|} }al 4065s. @} adm dn `n|lncl }a{i|gai|} }als`q}`ls dnm slvln}`ls in u{ig{doo`ng bdng|dgl mls`gn" oi¯m|bd{ u{ig{doo`ng" ikhlc}¯i{`ln}lm u{ig{doo`ng" sif}wd{llng`nll{`ng dnm i}al{ mls`gn ol}aimibig`ls. Dblqdnml{‐sod}alod}`cdb cinclu}s dnm i{`ln}d}`in wl{l s`o`bd{ }i Lmsgl{M`hjs}{d‐s `n|ln}`db
 D M`sc`ub`nl if U{ig{doo`ng. D Ud}}l{n Bdng|dgl‐s
g{ld}ls} `n|lncl `n ciou|}l{sc`lncl `s }al mls`gn ud}}l{ns oivloln}. Dblqdnml{‐s ua`¯bisiuap if `nc{loln}db" i{gdn`c" cial{ln} mls`gn dbsi `n|¯lnclm }al lq}{lol u{ig{doo`ng oivloln}. ]al ‑w`j`‐ wds`nvln}lm }i dbbiw wi{j in u{ig{doo`ng mls`gn ud}}l{ns !}alw`j` wds ndolm
W`j`W`j`Wlk
dnm `s }al cinclu} |uinwa`ca
W`j`ulm`d
`s kdslm). Oi{l {lcln}bp"
]al Nd}|{l if I{ml{‐s
‒mllu gliol}{`cdb s}{|c}|{ls‟ advl klln c`}lm dsadv`ng `oui{}dncl fi{ ikhlc}¯i{`ln}lm u{ig{doo`ng" ud{}`cbd{bp `n
C**
!inl if }al ois} uiu|bd{ u{ig{doo`ng bdng|dgls"fi{ lqdoubl O`c{isif} W`nmiws `s w{`}}ln `n `}).W`bb W{`ga} w{i}l }ad} Dblqdnml{‐s wi{j wds `n|ln}`db`n }al i{`g`n if 
]al S`os
ciou|}l{ gdol" dnm `n a`s bd}l{gdol"
 Sui{l.
 
Dn}a{iuicln}{`c
sll Ci{{lbd}`in`so
Dn}`/ud}}l{n
WU;544 & WWW;544
@n sif}wd{l lng`nll{`ng" dn dn}`¯ud}}l{n !i{ dn}`ud}}l{n) `s d ud}}l{n }ad} odp kl ciooinbp |slm k|} `s `nlfflc}`vl dnmi{ci|n}l{u{im|c}`vl `n u{dc}`cl.]al }l{o wds ci`nlm `n 400< kp Dnm{lw Jiln`g" `nsu`{lmkp Gdng if Fi|{‐s kiij
 Mls`gn Ud}}l{ns"
wa`ca mlvlbiulm}al cinclu} if mls`gn ud}}l{ns `n }al sif}wd{l lbm. ]al}l{o wds w`mlbp uiu|bd{`xlm }a{ll pld{s bd}l{ kp }al kiij
 Dn}`Ud}}l{ns
" wa`ca lq}lnmlm }al |sl if }al }l{o klpinm }allbm if sif}wd{l mls`gn dnm `n}i glnl{db sic`db `n}l{dc}`in. Dn Dn}`¯Ud}}l{n gils f{io d u{ikblo }i d kdm sib|}`in. Dwlbb fi{o|bd}lm Dn}`¯Ud}}l{n dbsi }lbbs pi| wap }al kdm si¯b|}`in biijs d}}{dc}`vl !l.g." `} dc}|dbbp wi{js `n siol nd{{iwcin}lq})" wap `} }|{ns i|} }i kl kdm" dnm wad} uis`}`vl ud}¯}l{ns d{l duub`cdkbl `n `}s s}ldm. Dcci{m`ng }i H`o Ciub`ln8
‒dn dn}`¯ud}}l{n `s siol}a`ng }ad} biijs b`jl d giim `mld"k|} wa`ca kdcj{ls kdmbp waln duub`lm.‟ 
If}ln ulhi{d}`vlbp ndolm w`}a cblvl{ iqpoi{in`c nlib¯ig`sos" odnp dn}`¯ud}}l{n `mlds doi|n} }i b`}}bl oi{l }adno`s}djls" {dn}s" |nsibvdkbl u{ikblos" i{ kdm u{dc}`cls }i kldvi`mlm. Siol}`ols cdbblm u`}fdbbs i{ md{j ud}}l{ns" }a`s `n¯fi{odb |sl if }al }l{o ads ciol }i {lfl{ }i cbdssls if cio¯oinbp {l`nvln}lm kdm sib|}`ins }i u{ikblos. ]a|s" odnpcdnm`md}l dn}`¯ud}}l{ns |nml{ mlkd}l wi|bm ni} kl fi{odbbpcins`ml{lm dn}`¯ud}}l{ns. Kp fi{odbbp mlsc{`k`ng {luld}lmo`s}djls" inl cdn {lcign`xl }al fi{cls }ad} bldm }i }al`{ {l¯ ul}`}`in dnm bld{n aiw i}al{s advl gi}}ln }aloslbvls i|} if }alsl k{ijln ud}}l{ns.Lqdoubls if dn}`¯ud}}l{n d{l ‑mls`gn kp cioo`}}ll‐"‑g{i|u}a`nj‐" ‑`nnl{¯ubd}fi{o lfflc}‐" ‑ikhlc} i{gp‐" ‑gibmlnadool{‐ l}c.
Kl`{mi
Od{s
Ods}l{s if }al \n`vl{sl
 
]al{l d{l inbp d vl{p flw lbms waisl u{dc}`}`inl{s `odg`nl}aloslbvls }i kl c{ld}`ng }al |n`vl{sl. ]alp d{l dkbl }i`odg`nl }a`s klcd|sl }alp advl dct|`{lm }al sj`bb if wi{j`ngw`}a d odca`nl }ad} aibms }al u{io`sl if ul{fi{o`ng }a`sdodx`ng dk`b`}p. ]alsl u{dc}`}`inl{s d{l jniwn ds u{ig{do¯ol{s" dnm }al }iib }alp w`lbm `s }al \n`vl{sdb Odca`nl –kl}}l{ jniwn }i |s ol{l oi{}dbs ds }al ciou|}l{.Suldj`ng dki|} }a`s \n`vl{sdb Odca`nl `n 40=7" Dbdn ]|{`ngsd`m"
‒`} cdn kl saiwn }ad} d s`ngbl sulc`db odca`nl if }ad}}pul cdn kl odml }i mi }al wi{j if dbb. @} ci|bm `n fdc} kl odml }i wi{j ds d oimlb if dnp i}al{ odca`nl.‟ 
]a`s v`s`ingils klpinm ol{l o`o`c{p doing odca`nls. Wi{j`ng w`}a}alsl odca`nls u{ig{dool{s d{l dkbl }i sll }al wi{bm `n}a`s odca`nl‐s `odgl" dbb }al wa`bl d}}lou}`ng }i `ou{ivl dnmd|goln} }al wi{bm }a{i|ga }al bdng|dgl" dndbig`ls" `odgls"dnm cinclu}s }ad} advl klln u{im|clm |nml{ }al `n|lnclif }al \n`vl{sdb Odca`nl. I{ waln biij`ng }a{i|ga }al u{i¯g{dool{‐s lpls dnm suldj`ng `n u{ig{dool{ suldj8 }al wi{bm`s d s|kiu}`odb ubdcl }ad} cdn kl iu}`o`xlm" dnm ciou|}l{sd{l }al }iibs }i mi `} w`}a.
Dc}i{/Nl}wi{j/]ali{p !DN]) – Kl`{mi

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