This means evaluating the time that would be required to carry out each function and also the time needed toperform the entire series. It is primarily concerned with the time element and priorities of a job. The model ofscheduling differs from one job to another which is explained as below:
The main purpose of production schedule is to schedule the amount of work, which can beeasily handled by the plant and equipment without any hindrance. It is not an independent decision, as it takesthe following factors into account.· Physical plant facilities required to process the material being scheduled.· Employees who possess the skills and experience to perform the type of work involved and operate theequipment.· Required materials and purchased parts.
Scheduling typically begins with the preparation of the master schedule, which is weekly ormonthly categorisation of the requirement of production for each product for a specified time period. This helpsthe entrepreneur to shift the production from one product to another according to the changed production needs.An operator schedule follows a master schedule. It fixes the total time required to do a specific task on a givenmachine or it shows the time needed to do each detailed activity of a given job with a particular machine orprocess.
It is organised on the basis of the type of manufacturing process involved. It is veryuseful when manufacturing a single or few products continually at regular time period. Thus, it would give an ideaabout the required quantity of each product and the order in which the same is to be operated.
cheduling of job order manufacturing:
A job order is an order for a product received from a customer or a clientor from an internal section of an organisation. Scheduling is a process followed to ensure the speedy execution ofjob order manufacturing. Scheduling attains greater importance in job order manufacturing. For a small scaleindustry, scheduling is of prime importance, as it brings out efficiency in the operation and reduces cost. The smallentrepreneur should maintain four types of schedules ³ namely an enquiry schedule, a production schedule, ashop schedule, and an arrears schedule. Out of the above four, a shop schedule is the most important and mostsuited to the needs of a small scale industry, as it enables a foreman to see the following at a glance.· The section load ³ that is, the load at any given section.· The sequence of operation.· The phase that a job has touched.
It entails the assignment of work to the operators/workers at their work places. Therefore, loading determineswho will do the work, as scheduling determines when it shall be done. Routing determines where the loading hasto be done. Small industries usually make use of Gantt charts to find out the present load on the system and alsoto evaluate how fast a job can be done. The advantage of using this technique is that it gives a picture of what hasbeen done and what is to be done. Then you can make a comparison between the two.Many small scale enterprises fail due to non-adherence to delivery schedules. Therefore, to be successful, theyshould have the ability to make the delivery of goods on time, without compromising on product quality. It isimportant for the entrepreneur to judge ahead of time as to what should be done, where and when.
elf Assessment Questions
1. The objective of routing is to determine the best and cheapest sequence of operations. (True/False)?2. Scheduling normally starts with preparation of _______________.3. For a small scale industry scheduling is not important. (True/False)?