SURVEY OF DIRICHLET SERIES OF MULTIPLICATIVEARITHMETIC FUNCTIONS
RICHARD J. MATHAR
Abstract.
The manuscript reviews Dirichlet Series of important multiplica-tive arithmetic functions. The aim is to represent these as products and ratiosof Riemann
ζ
-functions, or, if that concise format is not found, to provide theleading factors of the inﬁnite product over
ζ
-functions. If rooted at the Dirich-let series for powers, for sums-of-divisorsand for Euler’s totient, the inheritanceof multiplicativity through Dirichlet convolution or ordinary multiplication of pairs of arithmetic functions generates most of the results.
1.
Scope
1.1.
Deﬁnition.
Multiplicative functions are arithmetic functions
a
(
n
)—functionsdeﬁned for integer argument
n
∈
Z
—for which evaluation commutes with multipli-cation for coprime arguments:
Deﬁnition 1.
(Multiplicative function
a
)
(1.1)
a
(
nm
) =
a
(
n
)
a
(
m
)
∀
(
n,m
) = 1
.
The topic of the manuscript is the computation of the Dirichlet series
ζ
D
of arithmetic functions of that kind for suﬃciently large real part of the argument
s
:
Deﬁnition 2.
(Dirichlet generating function
ζ
D
)
(1.2)
a
(
n
)
→
ζ
D
(
s
)
≡
n
≥
1
a
(
n
)
n
s
.
As an immediate consequence of the deﬁnition, the
ζ
D
of the product of
n
k
timesa multiplicative function
a
(
n
) is given by replacing
s
→
s
−
k
in the
ζ
D
of
a
(
n
):(1.3)
n
k
a
(
n
)
→
ζ
D
(
s
−
k
)
.
1.2.
Properties.
For ease of reference further down, we summarize well-knownfeatures of arithmetic functions.A consequence of the deﬁnition (1.1) is that the function is already entirelydeﬁned if speciﬁed for prime powers
p
e
, because all remaining values follow by theprime power factorization of the arguments:(1.4)
a
(
p
e
1
1
p
e
2
2
···
p
e
m
m
) =
p
a
(
p
e
)
.
The equation that explicitly speciﬁes values of
a
(
p
e
) will be called the
master equa-tion
of that sequence in the sequel.
Date
: June 22, 2011.2010
Mathematics Subject Classiﬁcation.
Primary 11K65, 11Y70; Secondary 30B50, 11M41.
Key words and phrases.
Arithmetic Function, multiplicative, Dirichlet Generating Function.
1