-logia)is the study of themicroscopic anatomyof cellsandtissuesof plantsandanimals.It is performed by examining cells and tissues commonly by sectioning and staining; followed by examination under alightmicroscopeorelectron microscope.Histological studies may be conducted viatissue culture,where live cells can be isolated and maintained in aproper environment outside the body for various research projects. The ability to visualize or differentially identify microscopic structures isfrequently enhanced through the use of histological stains. Histology is an essential tool of biologyandmedicine.
the microscopic study of diseased tissue, is an important tool inanatomical pathology,since accurate diagnosis of cancerandother diseases usually requires histopathological examination of samples. Trained medical doctors, frequentlyboard-certifiedaspathologists,arethe personnel who perform histopathological examination and provide diagnostic information based on their observations.The trained scientists who perform the preparation of histological sections are