Schneider Electric - Electrical installation guide 2009
A - General rules o electrical installation design
© S c h n e i d e r E l e c t r i c - a l l r i g h t s r e s e r v e d
Protection against overvoltages
Direct or indirect lightning strokes can damage electrical equipment at a distanceo several kilometers. Operating voltage surges, transient and industrial requencyover-voltage can also produce the same consequences.The eects are examinedand solutions are proposed.
Energy eciency in electrial distribution
Implementation o measuring devices with an adequate communication systemwithin the electrical installation can produce high benets or the user or owner:reduced power consumption, reduced cost o energy, better use o electricalequipment.
The power actor correction within electrical installations is carried out locally,globally or as a combination o both methods.
Harmonics in the network aect the quality o energy and are at the origin o manydisturbances as overloads, vibrations, ageing o equipment, trouble o sensitiveequipment, o local area networks, telephone networks. This chapter deals with theorigins and the eects o harmonics and explain how to measure them and presentthe solutions.
Particular supply sources and loads
Particular items or equipment are studied:
Specic sources such as alternators or inverters
Specic loads with special characteristics, such as
induction motors, lightingcircuits or LV/LV transormers
Specic systems, such as direct-current networks
Certain premises and locations are subject to particularly strict regulations: the mostcommon example being residential dwellings.
Some basic rules must be ollowed in order to ensure Electromagnetic Compatibility.Non observance o these rules may have serious consequences in the operation othe electrical installation: disturbance o communication systems, nuisance trippingo protection devices, and even destruction o sensitive devices.
provides a complete design package or LV installations, inaccordance with IEC standards and recommendations.The ollowing eatures are included:
Construction o one-line diagrams
Calculation o short-circuit currents
Calculation o voltage drops
Optimization o cable sizes
Required ratings o switchgear and usegear
Discrimination o protective devices
Recommendations or cascading schemes
Verication o the protection o people
Comprehensive print-out o the oregoing calculated design data
J – Protection against voltage surges in LV L - Power actor correction and harmonic ltering N - Characteristics o particular sources and loads P - Residential and other special locations M - Harmonic management
(1) Ecodial is a Merlin Gerin product and is available in Frenchand English versions.
K – Energy eciency in electrical distribution Q - EMC guideline