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Gasket Handbook

Gasket Handbook

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|Views: 18,013 |Likes:
Published by gladiatork007
it is very good book for gasket
it is very good book for gasket

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Published by: gladiatork007 on Nov 24, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/09/2013

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TABLEOFCONTENTS
'-"
SubjectPage
Introduction
,,,,,,..,,,..,...,,
2
Section
I
.
Design
,,...,,
.
3WhyGasketsAreUsed
,,,......,.........,..,..,,..,..,...,..,..3EffectingaSeal,,..",,',3
GasketSeating,",,,,,,,,..,,..,...
3Table1
-
GasketMaterialsandContactFacings4Table2
-
EffectiveGasketWidth
,...,,..,
5
'
Table3-GasketSeatingSurfaceFinishes
,
:6-7
ForcesActingonaGasketedJoint8BoltLoadFormulas
,,...,...,...,..,,,"..,
8
NotationSymbolsandDefinitions
','''
9Table4
-
MaximumSgValues
,
,9ExampleSampleGasketCalculation-SteamService10
SectionII.Selection
,
"".."
11
Selecting.heProperGasketMaterial
,,..,,,..,,..,,..,,
11
Non-MetallicGasketMaterials
",..,,
11MetallicGasketMaterials
,,'...,
13
MetalGaskets
,..,,,...,...,...,,..,,
15SolidMetalGaskets
,,..,",..,,..."
15
MetalJacketedGaskets
,,",
17
MetalCladandSolid
MetalHeatExchangerGaskets20HeatExchangerGaskets-StandardShapeIndex,21SpiralWoundGaskets
,,",,..,..,
22
SizingSpiralWoundGaskets
,,,,
22
FlangeSurfaceFinishes.,,,,...'23AvailableSpiralSealStyles
,,,,,,
23
Section
III
.
Installation
,,,,..
26
InstallationandMaintenanceTips
,"'",..,..,..,26
GasketInstallationProcedures,...,..,..,26
BoltTorqueSequence.',,...,..,..,,..,..,,...
27
TorqueValues
,,,,,..,..,...~,,,
28
TroubleShootingLeakingJoints
,,,..,,..,,..,,.29
ManwayProblems?.,,...,..,,..,,...,..,..,.30ManwayApplicationInformationSheet,...,...,,,..,,31OtherProblemAreas,,,...;.."",32
Section
IV
-
Appendix
,
33
ASMESectionVIII,Div.I-DesignConsiderationforBoltedFlangeConnections33ChemicalResistanceChart-GasketMetals"...35MaximumServiceTemperatures-GasketMetals37ChemicalResistanceChart-VegetableFiberSheet37
Soft
SheetGasketDimensions
,..,,,..,..,',,..,..,
38
ChemicalResistanceChart-Grafoil@"40Circumferences
and
AreasofCircles41
TorqueRequiredtoProduceBoltStress45BoltingMaterials-StressTable1,46BoltingDataforStandardFlanges"47
~
 
INTRODUCTION
J
Thecostofleakyjointsinindustrytodayisstaggering.Out-of-pocketcostsrunintobillionsofdollarsannuallyinlostproduction,wasteofenergy,lossofproductand,mostrecently,impactontheenvironment.Theseproblemsareincreasing,notdecreasing.Itbehoovesallofustoconsoli-dateourknowledgeandexperiencetosolveoratleastminimizetheseproblems.Thispublicationisbeingproducedbecausewe,asgasketmanufacturersandsuppliers,areconstantlycalledupontosolvesealingproblemsafterthefact.Toooftenwefindinsufficienttimeandattentionhasbeengivento:
.
properdesignofflangedjoint
.
installationproceduresand
.
selectionoftheoptimumgasketmaterialrequiredtosolveaparticularsealingproblem.Wewillendeavortooutlineinthispublicationthoseareaswebelievetobeessentialinaproperlydesigned,installedandm"aintainedgasketedjoint.Webelievemostpeopleinvolvedwiththedesign,installation,andmain-tenanceofgasketedjointsrealizethatnosuchthingas"zero"leakagecanbeachieved.Whetherornotajointis"tight"dependsonthesophisticationofthemethodsusedtomeasureleakage.Incertainapplicationsthedegreeofleakagemaybeperfectlyacceptableifonedropofwaterperminuteisnotedatthegasketedjoint.Otherrequirementsarethatnobubbleswouldbeobservedifthegasketedjointwassubjectedtoanairorgastestunderwaterandastillmorestringentinspectionwouldrequirepassingamassspectrometertest.Therigidityofthetestmethodwouldbedeterminedby:
.
thehazardofthematerialbeingconfined
.
lossofcriticalmaterialsinaprocessflow
.
impactontheenvironmentshouldaparticularfluidescapeintotheatmosphere
.
dangeroffireorofpersonalinjuryAllofthesefactorsdictateproperattentionmustbegivento:
.
designofflangejointsorclosures
.
properselectionofgaskettype
.
propergasketmaterial
.
properinstallationproceduresCareintheseareaswillensurethatthebesttechnologygoesintothetotalpackageandwillminimizeoperatingcosts,pollutionoftheenviron-mentandhazardstoemployeesandthegeneralpublic.
v
J
2

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