(4) It states open questions. These can be stated as questions, if one hasno idea of the outcome and wishes to play it safe, or conjectures if one is veryconﬁdent of the outcome.
How long would it take 50000 monkeys, typing on typewriters atthe rate of one character per second, for one of them to reproduce in order thecomplete works of Shakespeare?For results one has accumulated signiﬁcant evidence in favor, one can for-mulate a “guess.”
The Riemann zeta function has too many ze-ros.
[The refers to G.H. Hardy’s remark that much of Ramanujan’s work on primenumbers would have been completely correct if the Riemann zeta function hadno complex zeros].[Good conjectures can enhance one’s reputation. Bad conjectures, meaningones that are proved false, cast a black mark. Actually I prefer to believe theshade of the mark varies-as some of my own conjectures have been disproved.]
(1) Most of the general bibliographic citations are in the introduc-tion. In the body of the paper, refences will often be in proofs, to shorten work.(2) The reliability of the author(s) can sometimes be assessed with how care-fully, extensively and well chosen the bibliography is. A narrow bibliography,particularly restricted to that of the author, is suspicious. (Not always. BenoitMandlebrot, a great applied mathematician/physicist is fond of citing mostlyhis own work.)
4 How Many Sections?
You can subdivide your paper into several sections. This is done with the aimof clarity of organization. If you are exploring several diﬀerent questions, youcan have one section for each topic.You might have a separate section for Computational Issues. This mightdescribe how to write an eﬃcient program to compute something. (Computercode might be included in an Appendix.)There can be a concluding section on further directions of work, open prob-lems remaining.3