While the population of Bulawayo has continued to grow, the Zimbabwegovernment whose responsibility it is to provide water to its citizens hasfailed to come up with interventions. The last supply dam for Bulawayo wasbuilt in 1975, back then the government strategy was to construct a damfor the city in every 10 years but since independence no dam was built forBulawayo and the Mtshabezi dam was initially built to supply MatabelelandSouth’ Gwanda town.Within the broader national context, the Matabeleland Zambezi WaterProject saves as sign of the government’s failure to address developmentissues as well the challenges within the legislative framework that governswater and sewer reticulation in Zimbabwe. The Water Act 1998 and the ZINWA Act seen then as a positive movetowards redressing the imbalances of the past by scrapping water rightsand replacing them with renewable water permits, while the ZINWA actcreated a Water management body known as ZINWA. This institution wastasked the massive role of regulating water development as well as beingthe sole provider of bulk raw water to local authorities in the country.Faced with capacity challenges within its structures and political meddling,ZINWA has dismally failed to deliver raw water to local authorities and theeffects of this has been the massive loss of lives in Harare and other citiesin 2008. The Cholera outbreak in Harare, a city that is surrounded bymassive water sources, yet mismanagement and politicking has seen someareas going for years without running water. The Bulawayo water supply dams’ current state has been reported to bewarranting stern water rationing measures while a short term interventionof pumping water from Mtshabezi dam is still to materialize. Even if theMtshabezi pipeline materializes, experts have warned that the projectwould not meet the water demands of Bulawayo and that once the dam isdepleted it would not be able to fill up due to problems with the catchmentarea.