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ASPECTS OF THE ROMAN VILLA AS A FORM OF BRITISH SETTLEMENT

ASPECTS OF THE ROMAN VILLA AS A FORM OF BRITISH SETTLEMENT

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Published by: rappir on Mar 03, 2012
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08/07/2013

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ASPECTS OF TI-C ROQVVI VILLA
ASA
FOI1 OF
BRITISH
SE1TLENT
Thesis Sub.itted for the Degree of Ph.D..
at the University of NewcasLle upon Tyne. l91..
By
Eleanor Scott
89 54545 4
 
CONTENTSVolume 1Dedication
Acknow 1 edgements
.
List of Figures
1].
List of Plates
ii
County Codes Used in Appendix 1
x
Abbreviations
ABSTRACT
INTRODUCTION
THE CULTURAL PATTERN
WHAT IS A VILLA?
NUMBER OF VILLAS IN BRITAIN
0
HI STORIOGRAPHY
1
MODELS
2
SCOPE OF THE THESIS
3
CHAPTER ONESOCIAL RELATIONS IN LATE IRON AGE BRITAIN1.1 INTRODUCTION
5
1.2 JULIUS CAESAR AS A SOURCE FOR LATE IRON AGE SOCIETY
7
1.2.1 Caesar as Ethnographer - General
8
1.2.2 Caesar as Ethnographer - Family Structure
3
1.2.3 The 'Belgic Invasion' of Britain
0
1.3 ARCHAEOLOGY AS A SOURCE FOR LATE IRON AGE SOCIETY
1
1.3.1 The Idea of an 'Embedded' Economy
2
1.3.2 Prestige Goods Models
6
1.3.3 Social Space Theory
0
1.3.4 The Concept of 'Active' Material Culture
5
1.3.5 Settlement Morphologies
3
1.4 SUMMARY: THE RELEVANCE OF THE BACKGROUND
9
CHAPTER TWORITUAL BURIALS IN IRON AGE BRITAIN
 
2.1 WHAT IS 'RITUAL'?
0
2.
2 CONTEXTS FOR RITUAL EVIDENCE IN IRON AGE BRITAIN
1
2.3 RITUAL EVIDENCE FROM HILLFORTS
2
2.3.1 Animal Burials at Danebury, Hants.
2
2. 3. 2 Human Remains at Danebury
3
2.3.3 Other Hiliforts
5
2.3.4 Shrines arid Temples on Hillforts
7
2.4 RITUAL EVIDENCE FROM NON-HILLFORT SITES
9
2.5
THE QUESTION OF TOTEMISM
2
2.6 THE QUESTION OF INFANTICIDE
8
2.6. 1 Ethnographically Documented Infanticide
0
2.6.2 Implications for the Iron
Age
4
2.6.3 Predictions about a Society which Fractises
Infanticide
6
2.7. SUMMARY
9
CHAPTER THREE
AISLED FARMHOUSES ON ROMANO-BRITISH VILLAS
3.
1 INTRODUCTION
00
3.1.1 Definitions
00
3.1.2 Typologies
01
3.2 ORIGINS
02
3.3 CONSTRUCTION
07
3.3.1 Architectural Principles
07
3.3.2 Roof Construction
10
3.3.3 Buttressing
12
3.3.4 Thick Gable Walls
13
3.3.5 Lighting Arrangements
15
3.3.6 Development - Aisled Barn to Aisled Farmhouse?
16
3.4 FARM AND FARMHOUSE
21
3.4.1 Villa Flora and Fauna
23
3.4.2 Wheat Yield Estimates
26
3.4.3 Hierarchy
27
3.4.4 Cattle Stalling
28
3.4.5 Threshing
32
3.4.6 Corn Drying and Halting
36
3.4.7 Straw arid Hay Storage
41
3.4.8 Grain Storage
43
3.5 OVERALL FUNCTION AND SOCIAL POSITON OF OCCUPANTS
45
3.5.1 Spatial
Planning
of Rornano-British Villa Sites
45
3.5.2 Field Scatters Indicative of the Presence of
45
an Aisled Farmhouse3.5.3 Aisled Farmhouses as 'Home Farms'?
46
3.5.4 The Occupants' Position in Society
49
3.6 AISLED BUILDINGS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE
52

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