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ქალთა 100 მიღწევა 100 წლის განმავლობაში

ქალთა 100 მიღწევა 100 წლის განმავლობაში

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ქალთა 100 მიღწევა 100 წლის განმავლობაში
ქალთა 100 მიღწევა 100 წლის განმავლობაში

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: David Mikheil Shubladze on Mar 03, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/03/2012

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qalTa saerTaSoriso dRe
msoflioSi pirvelad qalTa saerTaSoriso dRe aRiniSna 1909 wlis 28 Tebervalsamerikis socialisturi partiis iniciativiT. mogvianebiT, es dRe aRiniSnebodaxolme Traienglis tansacmlis qarxanaSi 1911 wels momxdari cnobili xanZrisdros daRupuli 146 qalis pativsacemad. am movlenis mizezad saxeldebaqarxanaSi usafrTxoebis araadekvaturi zomebi da aseve isic, rom fabrikismflobelebi xSirad ketavdnen avariul gasasvlelebs muSebis mimarT undoblobisgamo. am movlenis Semdeg fabrikebsa da qarxnebSi momuSave qalebis saprotestogamosvlebi daiwyo, romelTa mTavari moTxovna iyo ukeTesi da usafrTxo samuSaopirobebi. maT Soris erT-erTi yvelaze aqtiuri iyo qalis tansacmlis mkeravTamier Seqmnili saerTaSoriso profesiuli kavSiri. qalTa yvelaze mniSvnelovanisaprotesto demonstraciebic swored 8 marts ewyoboda.1910 wels, kopenhagenSi gamarTul msoflioSi pirvel qalTa saerTaSorisokonferencize germaneli socialistis, klara cetkinis, iniciativiT gadawydaqalTa saerTaSoriso dRis daweseba, zusti TariRis miTiTebis gareSe. Tumca,Traienglis xanZrisa da amerikasa Tu evropaSi 8 marts qalTa masobrivigamosvlebis Semdeg, msoflios bevrma qveyanam qalTa saerTaSoriso dRis aRniSvna8 marts daiwyo. qalTa saerTaSoriso dRe mniSvnelovan movlenad iqca sabWoTakavSiris respublikebSi mas Semdeg, rac revolucioneri feministis, aleqsandrakolontais lobirebiT 8 marti oficialur dResaswaulad dawesda. 1965 welsqalTa saerTaSoriso dRe sabWoTa kavSirSi uqmed gamocxadda. 1975 wels gaerom“qalTa saerTaSoriso weli” aRniSna, oficialurad gamoacxada 8 marti qalTasaerTaSoriso dRed da am dRis finansuri mxardaWeris gadawyvetileb miiRo.dReisaTvis, mTel msoflioSi qalTa saerTaSoriso dRe yovelwliurad 8 martsaRiniSneba. am dRes msoflios qalebi zeimoben TavianT ekonomikur, politikur,socialur Tu sxva miRwevebs mraval sferoSi.qalTa fondi saqarTveloSi gilocavT qalTa saerTaSoriso dRes da gTavazobTqalTa miRwevebis CamonaTvals, kerZod, maT 100 miRwevas. am siis gagrZeleba kiusasrulod SeiZleba...
 
qalebma saarCevno xmis ufleba pirvelad moipoves 1893 wels axal zelandiaSi;avstralia 1902 w., fineTi 1905 w.
 
mari skladovska-kiuri - nobelis pirveli laureati qali da erTaderTi qali,romelmac orjer miiRo nobelis jildo
 
1902 wels CineTSi oficialurad aikrZala gogonebisTvis fexebis akvris 100wliani sastiki praqtika
 
“genderuli kvlevebisa” da “qalTa Sesaxeb kvlevebis” akademiuri disciplinadainerga me-20 saukunis 70-ian wlebSi
 
parlamentSi arCeuli pirveli qali iyo konstans markieviCi (1918 w.),irlandieli politikosi, revolucioneri nacionalisti da sufraJisti, Tumcaman uari Tqva britaneTis TemTa palatis wevrobaze.
1
 
 
2007 wlis monacemebiT saqarTveloSi registrirebulia 200-ze meti qalTauflebebis damcveli arasamTavrobo organizacia
 
ekofeminizmi aris filosofia da moZraoba, romelic wina planze wamowevsqalis rols garemos dacvisa da konservaciis programebSi
 
pirveli qali, Wadrakis saerTaSoriso didostatis titulis mflobeli _ nonagafrinaSvili, 1978 w.
 
Guerilla Girls
” – feministi mxatvrebisa da aqtivistebis cnobili jgufi, romeliciumoriT savse posterebisa da teqstebis saSualebiT 1985 wlidan ebrZvisxelovnebis sferoSi qalTa diskriminacias
 
aleqsandra kolontai _ diplomati, pirveli qali elCi, qalTa uflebebisdamcveli, sabWoTa administraciaSi ”qalTa ganyofilebis” damfuZnebeli
 
margarit iursenari, mwerali – pirveli qali, romelic airCies “safrangeTisakademiis” wevrad akademiis oTxsaukunovani arsebobis manZilze, 1980 w.
 
msoflioSi pirveli Casaxvis sawinaaRmdego abi – 1960 w., aSS _ xelmisawvdomigaxda 1972 wels
 
yvelaze meti nobelis premia qalebs miRebuli aqvT mSvidobis dargSi (12premia)
 
1979 w. - gaerom miiRo “konvencia qalTa mimarT diskriminaciis yvela formisaRmofxvris Sesaxeb” (
CEDAW)
, saqarTvelo miuerTda 1994 wels
 
saqarTveloSi qalebma arCevnebSi monawileobis ufleba miiRes 1918 wels
 
islandiis premier ministri iohana sigurdardotiri _ msoflioSi pirveliqali mTavrobis xelmZRvaneli, romelic Riad homoseqsualia
 
V-Day
aris 90-ian wlebSi dawyebuli globaluri moZraoba qalTa da gogonaTamimarT Zaladobis winaaRmdeg, romlis sulisCamdgmelic aris iv enslerisgaxmaurebuli piesa ”vagina monologebi”
 
elizabet hazelofsi – me-20 saukunis pirveli qali pastori, germania, 1958 w.
 
me-20 saukunis saqarTveloSi qalTa moZraobas safuZveli Caeyara erovnul-ganmanTavisuflebel moZraobasTan erTad, romelSic mravali sazogadomoRvawe qali aqtiurad monawileobda
 
koko Sanelma pirvelma Secvala qalis stili mokle varcxnilobis, mamakacissamosis elementebisa da aqsesuarebis gamoyenebiT
 
msoflioSi qveynis pirveli qali arCeuli premier-ministri –sirimavoBandaranaike, 1960 w., Srilanka
2
 
 
Roe
vs.
Wade
-is gaxmaurebul saqme – 1973 w. aSS, uzenaesi sasamarTolosgadawyvetilebiT abortis sawinaaRmdego kanonebi arRveven adamianisfundamentur uflebebs, rac safuZvlad daedo qalTa reproduqciul uflebebsmsoflioSi
 
“genderis” samagistro programa, saqarTveloSi 2005 wels dafuZnebulisocialur mecnierebaTa centris mier Tsu-s bazaze, am dargSi erTaderTisamagistro programaa samxreT kavkasiaSi
 
edit uartoni – puliceris premiis laureati pirveli mwerali qali, 1921 w.
 
qalTa sufraJistuli moZraoba - qalebisaTvis saarCevno xmisa da arCevnebSimonawileobis uflebis mopoveba, me-18 saukune, safrangeTi
 
umoja – qalTa sofeli CrdiloeT keniaSi, dafuZnebuli rebeka lolosolismier _ usafrTxo sivrce qalebisa da gogonebisTvis, romlebmac gamoscadesojaxuri Zaladoba da gaupatiureba, gaeqcnen iZulebiT qorwinebas, an surTTavidan aicilon “genitaluri dasaxiCreba”
 
amina vadudi - axali drois erT-erTi pirveli qali imami. 2005 wels man niu-iorkSi waikiTxa paraskevis locva orive sqesis morwmuneTaTvis
 
pirveli damoukidebeli qalTa fondebi _ ”mama qeSi”, holandia, 1983 w. ”qalTaglobaluri fondi”, amerika, 1987 w., ”filia”, germania, 2001 w. _ daxmarebasuweven qalTa organizaciebs mTels msoflioSi
 
“qalis Senoba” – art-centri, romelmac didi wvlili Seitana qalTaxelovnebis globaluri popularizaciis saqmeSi, 1973-91 ww. aSS
 
2000 wels gaerom SeimuSava “mileniumis ganviTarebis miznebi”, romlis #3mizania gaeros wevr qveynebSi 2015 wlisTvis qalTa gaZliereba da genderuliTanasworobis miRweva
 
msoflios pirveli qali prezidenti - isabel peroni, argentina, 1974 w.
 
pirveli mogebuli sasamarTlo saqme aRZruli sakuTari colis gaupatiurebisbraldebiT jeims kretienis winaaRmdeg – aSS, 1979 w.
 
qalTa moZraobis pirveli talRa msoflios bevr qveyanaSi dakavSirebuli iyosocialur Tu politikur moZraobasTan; mag. monobis sawinaaRmdegomoZraobasTan aSS-Si da erovnul-ganmanTavisuflebel moZraobasTansaqarTveloSi, romlebSic qalebma udidesi wvlili Seitanes
 
gvendolin bruqsi – puliceris premiis laureati pirveli afro-amerikelipoeti qali, 1950w.
 
2007 wlis monacemebiT SvedeTSi moRvawe pastorTa 30% qalia (5500 pastori)
3

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