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China - Sleeping Tiger

China - Sleeping Tiger

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Published by: Ryan on Nov 24, 2008
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Sleeping Tiger: China as the Next Superpower
Ryan WulpiIndiana University-Purdue University at Fort WayneEnglish W233-02Professor Thomas KaoughOctober 18, 2004
 
Throughout the Cold War, the world viewed the United States as a ‘big brother’, coming to the aid of weaker countries and as a buffer to the aggressive policies of the communist Soviet Union. Now, since the fall of the USSR, Chinahas moved to the forefront of remaining communist countries. Therefore, our focus will lie within this context. The necessity for another superpower in theworld becomes more apparent currently, in this election year, than we have seenin the last 15 years. The go-it-alone approach that the current administrationutilizes has run its course. Throughout the Cold War, the world viewed the UnitedStates as a ‘big brother’, coming to the aid of weaker countries and as a buffer tothe aggressive policies of the communist Soviet Union. Now, since the fall of theUSSR, and the rise of Russia in its place, comprised with the BushAdministration’s foreign polices, the world now perceives us as a ‘big bully.’ Theinternational community needs an additional superpower to ascend and developinto a buffer against the United States. The United States has gone from promoting democracy to imposing it upon the world.
Wariness of a Sleeping Tiger
The occupation by the Japanese in the 1930’s and 1940’s, and MaoZedong and the Chinese Communist Party coming to power in 1949 wereturbulent times in China’s history. The People’s Republic of China emerged fromthe civil war between the Nationalists and Mao’s Communists (Hynes). The main
 
and stated goal of communism is the violent overthrow of the bourgeois or rulingclass, by the proletariat, or working class. Inevitably, communists believe, therewill be a conflict of these two social classes and from that will emerge a newsocialist order. China historically remains behind the other industrialized nationseconomically. However, there have been changes on the horizon. The economicreforms introduced by Mao Zedong’s successor Deng Xiaoping in the lateseventies have transformed the Chinese economy and produced a period of spectacular growth. China’s Gross Domestic Product, or GDP, has quadrupled inonly 15 years (Hynes). To keep up this amazing growth, the Chinese are going tohave to give more autonomy to the people to determine the course of private business. Once this happens, as it did in the former Soviet Union, the people willstart wanting more autonomy in the political arena. The Chinese have shown thatthey are unwilling to loosen their grip and allow any questioning of the leadershipof the Communist Party. The image that most Americans have of China is theimages from June 3 & 4
th
, 1989, when the Chinese army opened fire on unarmedstudents inside Tiananmen Square (Koppel). China’s rise as an economic power,combined with its large-scale program to modernize its military, raises thequestion of how they will use this power. Associated with this newfound power we have seen an increase in China’s territorial claims in the region (Hynes).
The Taiwan Issue
The issue of democratic Taiwan’s independence from communist Chinaremains a contentious topic in the Sino-US relationship. It will ultimately lead to

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