and stated goal of communism is the violent overthrow of the bourgeois or rulingclass, by the proletariat, or working class. Inevitably, communists believe, therewill be a conflict of these two social classes and from that will emerge a newsocialist order. China historically remains behind the other industrialized nationseconomically. However, there have been changes on the horizon. The economicreforms introduced by Mao Zedong’s successor Deng Xiaoping in the lateseventies have transformed the Chinese economy and produced a period of spectacular growth. China’s Gross Domestic Product, or GDP, has quadrupled inonly 15 years (Hynes). To keep up this amazing growth, the Chinese are going tohave to give more autonomy to the people to determine the course of private business. Once this happens, as it did in the former Soviet Union, the people willstart wanting more autonomy in the political arena. The Chinese have shown thatthey are unwilling to loosen their grip and allow any questioning of the leadershipof the Communist Party. The image that most Americans have of China is theimages from June 3 & 4
, 1989, when the Chinese army opened fire on unarmedstudents inside Tiananmen Square (Koppel). China’s rise as an economic power,combined with its large-scale program to modernize its military, raises thequestion of how they will use this power. Associated with this newfound power we have seen an increase in China’s territorial claims in the region (Hynes).
The Taiwan Issue
The issue of democratic Taiwan’s independence from communist Chinaremains a contentious topic in the Sino-US relationship. It will ultimately lead to