1. Encourage concurrent promotion of demand and need driven agriculture extension
The current demand driven urban agriculture extension has beneted fewer urban farmers i.e. those who candemand and aord to provide transport to agriculture extensionists to their farms. Despite market led economies,it is important to reform the extension to benet urban farmers who may not fully benet from liberalizedeconomies. Extension is a public service, thus becomes an entitlement to urban farmers.City authorities need to categorise the agriculture community to be able to apply the ‘need based approaches’ onthose who cannot aord to demand for extension services. To do this, there must be clear data base on urban farmers through regular census and data collection. Extensionocials as a requirement must engage in the two aspects of agriculture extension and report accordingly. All urbanlocal authorities should be equipped with relevant numbers of technical ocers including sheries, crop, animal,orists’, agronomists so as to boost agriculture. Urban authorities need to make strong political and nancialcommitments towards ‘need based’ extension to benet majority of farmers.
2. Provide education to leaders on the importance of urban agriculture
Leaders need to appreciate the contribution of urban agriculture to the livelihoods of urban dwellers and to thelocal economies.Although, majority 74% of urban farmers had another source of income other than farming, 16% fully dependedon urban farming as their sole source of income. Thus, urban agriculture supplements people’s incomes but also isimportant for survival for a big percentage of people. The issue of political will is important in revamping urbanagriculture to benet many farmers. The production to deliberately educate both technical and political leaders onthe importance of urban agriculture and the need for support to develop quality extension services. Productiondepartments need to compile brief gures and facts regarding the contribution of urban agriculture to localeconomies and use them to inuence the decisions and actions of urban authorities. The local governmentcommittees on agriculture should continuously educate the entire council on the importance of urban agricultureand lobby for budgets that can perform or functional budgets.
3. Institute farm radio programmes
Results of this study indicate that 59% of urban farmers acquire agriculture information from the media. Theproliferation of several FM radios should be used at the advantage of farmers.As a matter of policy government should require radio management to provide free air space to technical ocialsto oer technical advice to farmers. This could be a call in programme where professors, researchers, experiencedfarmers and other stakeholders can oer agriculture related information to the population.Call-in programmes would help to immediately provide solutions to the farmers. The revolution in informationtechnology should be used as a means in agriculture extension. Information is important to introduce farmers tobetter agronomical and agro-processing practices. The production departments together with marketingdepartment have to manage such air space for the benet of the farmers. Appropriate timing especially eveningsand lunch hours are anticipated to be appropriate times of the day to reach the urban farmers. This study used an exploratory and a case-study design whereby both qualitative and quantitative approaches andmethods were utilised. The study involved review of literature on agriculture, agriculture policies and urbanagriculture policies and practices. Primary data was collected from Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry andFisheries (MAAIF), district and urban authorities, agriculture ocers, community development ocers, farmers’leaders and urban farmers.