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Internal Combustion Engines

Internal Combustion Engines

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Published by Debasis Ray
A brief description about Internal combustion with description, construction and Types..Especially help full for BPUT or engineering students.
A brief description about Internal combustion with description, construction and Types..Especially help full for BPUT or engineering students.

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Published by: Debasis Ray on Mar 04, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/26/2012

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Contents
 
 
Introduction of I.C. Engines
 
Classification of I.C. Engines
 
 
Constructional details of I.C. Engine
 
Comparison of Two-stroke and Four-stroke Cycle Engine
 
 
Working of two stroke and four stroke diesel and petrol engines
 
 
Comparison of Petrol and Diesel Engines
 
 
INTRODUCTION OF I.C. ENGINES:
 
Heat Engines
:A machine or device which derives heat from the combustion of fuel and converts part of this energyinto mechanical work is called a
heat engine
. Heat engines may be classified into two main classes asfollows:
 
1.
External combustion engines
 
2.
Internal combustion engines
.
 
1
. External Combustion Engines
- In this case, combustion of fuel takes place outside the cylinderas in the case of 
steam engines
where the heat of combustion is employed to generate steam which isused to move a piston in a cylinder. Other examples of 
external combustion engines
are hot airengines, steam turbine and closed cycle gas turbine.
 
2.
Internal Combustion Engines
- In this case, combustion of fuel with oxygen of the air occurswithin the cylinder of the engine. The
internal combustion engines
group includes engines employingmixtures of combustible gases and air, known as gas engines, those using lighter liquid fuel or spiritknown as petrol engines and those using heavier liquid fuels, known as oil, compression ignition ordiesel engines.
 
The important
applications of I.C. engines
are:(i)
 
Road vehicles, locomotives, ships and aircraft,(ii)
 
Portable standby units for power generation in case of scarcity of electric power,(iii)
 
Extensively used in farm tractors, lawn movers, concrete mixing devices and motor boats.
 
CLASSIFICATION OF I.C.ENGINES:
The internal combustion engines may be classified in the following ways:
 
1. According to the
type of fuel 
used
 
a) Petrol enginesb) Diesel enginesc) Gas engines
.
2. According to the
method of igniting
the fuel
 
a) Spark ignition enginesb) Compression ignition engines
.
3. According to the
number of strokes
per cycle
 
a) Four stroke cycle enginesb) Two stroke cycle engines
.
4. According to the
cycle of operation
 a) Otto cycle enginesb) Diesel cycle enginesc) Dual cycle engines.
 
5. According to the
speed of the engine
 
a) Slow speed enginesb) Medium speed enginesc) High speed engines.
 
6. According to the
cooling system
 
a) Air-cooled enginesb) Liquid-cooled engines.
 
7. According to the
method of fuel injection
 
a) Carburettor engines
 

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