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Better Farming Series 31 Biogas What It is How It is Made 1984

Better Farming Series 31 Biogas What It is How It is Made 1984

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Published by: MoreMoseySpeed on Mar 04, 2012
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05/24/2012

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 Better Farming Series 31. Biogas: what it is; how it ismade; how to use it
(introductory text)
PrefaceIntroduction
(introductory text)
BiogasHow is biogas made?How big should your biogas unit be?How to build a small biogas unit
(introductory text)
You will needWhere to put your biogas unitBuilding the unitTesting for leaksWaste materialsWhat waste materials to useHow to use themMaking a starterPutting waste into your biogas unitTimeCold weather protectionStirring the waste mixtureWhen the gas is madeUsing your biogasUsing the fertilizerTaking care of your biogas unitMaking more biogas
Better Farming Series 31. Biogas: what it is; how it is made; how to use it
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONSRome 1984First published 1984P-69ISBN 92-5-101290-3
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© FAO 1984
Preface
The first twenty- six volumes in FAO's Better Farming Series were based on the Coursd'apprentissage agricole prepared in the Ivory Coast by the Instiut african de veloppementéconomique et social for use by extension workers. Later volumes, beginning with No. 27, have beenprepared by FAO's for use in agricultural development at the farm and family level. The approach hasdeliberately been a general one, the intention being to constitute basic prototype outlines to bemodified or expanded in each area according to local conditions of agriculture.Many of the booklets deal with specific crops and techniques, while others are intended to give thefarmer more general information which can help him to understand why he does what he does, so thathe will be able to do it better.Adaptations of the series, or of individual volumes in it, have been published in Amharic, Arabic,Bengali, Creole, Hindi, Igala, Indonesian, Kiswahili, Malagasy, SiSwati and Turkish, an indication of the success and usefulness of this series.Requests for permission to issue this manual in other languages and to adapt it according to localclimatic and ecological conditions are welcomed. They should be addressed to the Director,Publications Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Via delle Terme diCaracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.
Introduction
1. Farmers and their families always look for ways to make their lives better.Farmer families2. One way farm families can make their lives better is to make their own fuel gas which they can usefor cooking.Use fuel gas
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3. Today many farmers are making fuel gas at home. They make it from animal manure or from plantmaterials or from a mixture of both.4. Fuel gas made in this way has a lot of methane in it. Methane burns very well.5. Where you live methane gas may be called by a different name. One of the most common namesfor this kind of gas, when it is made at home, is biogas. We will use the name biogas in this booklet.
Biogas
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONSRome 1984First published 1984P-69ISBN 92-5-101290-3© FAO 1984
How is biogas made?
12. When animal manure or plant materials rot they give off gas. You collect this gas as it is madewhen you make biogas.Make biogas13. In this booklet you will learn how to mix water with animal manure or plant materials, how to putthis mixture into a container where it will rot and give off gas, and how to collect the gas in anothercontainer which is airtight. We will call these containers the biogas unit.14. It is not easy to build a biogas unit. When you begin you will have to spend a lot of time and work very hard. It may also cost you money.15. You must be sure that building a biogas unit will be a good way to use your time and money.16. You will need a good place to put your biogas unit. Items 26 to 30 will tell you where to put it.17. If you live where it is too hot or too cold, your may find it hard to keep a biogas unit working.
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