Diameter (d) =2aA= O.637 a.where a is width of sheet.
v) Constructing tube (Fig. 2 b)
Thenext step is to join the circumference ofthe half circle to end of the plastic sheet(a to a in Figure 2). initially, you maythink that this is impossible ! Try with apiece of paper, and you will see that it isnecessary to fold the sheet into a cylinderand the end half circles in to a conebefore they will match. A circle (hoop)made from split bamboo will help to holdthe plastic in position. The seam alongthe cylinder and cone is then joined withthe cylinder in a collapsed or flat positionBy using this method, the unit willhave an even shape with the end conesjoined to the cylinders, and the inlet andoutlet pipes connected to the cones. Alljoins will be strong because they areoverlapped.After the unit is constructed, it is ad-visable to test for faulty joins or smallholes in the plastic. This can be doneby inflating with a motor exhaust (motorcycle/vehicle) attached to a length of oldbicycle tube and pipe. Alternatively, useyour lungs ! Check for leakage by soundsmell and bubbles, using soapy water.Keep the tube inflated as a guide fordigging the trench.
c) Complete digester (Fig 2~)
Two-thirds of the volume of the tube is nowplaced in the trench so it fits neatly andthere are no sharp roots, stones, etc. topuncture the sheet. This is equ’ivalent to0.687 of the circumference (approx. 2/3),leavingone-third ballooned above thetrench. It is important that the trenchsupports the plastic tube when it is filledwith dung/water so it is only acting as awater proof membrane andnot givingphysical support. Thinner andcheaperplastic can then be used. A few centi-meters of mud on the botton of the trench
also help to fill any irregularities inthe trench.The gas outlet is fitted at any con-venient place on top of the tube.Thre-aded elbow and couplingPVC plasticfittings are available and these can beused to clamp glued washers on the in-side and outside of a small hole in thetube so as to give a good gasproof outlet.Reinforced concrete cement pipes aresecured for the water/dunginlet andslurry outlet. A 6 ft. 4 in. diameter pipecan be cut at about the 2f--3+ mark andsecured *to the ends using nylon rope orstrips of bicycle inner tube.The inletmust be higher than the outlet so that‘each charge’ displaces slurry to the outletend. Final adjustments to the slurry levelcan be made after the digester is filled byaltering the level of the outlet pipe.An inlet funnel can be made frommould of earth and scraps of plastic, re-maining after cutting the end ‘half circle’.During rain, this can be folded over theinlet pipe to prevent water entering thedigester.
Joining PVC sheets
The best glue we havefound is ‘Combined Bond’ Colle de Con-tact, from Combined Chemicals Co.. (H.K.)Ltd. with the sole export agent of FairliteMfg. Co., P.O. Box 79350,. Mongkok,HongKong. It partially *melts’ PVC whilstleaving a tough rubbery adhesive substancebetween the sheets. This is ideal for anyrepair work and securing the gas outlet.It costs approx. Tk 400/- for 3 kg, and1 OOg (Tk 13/-) would be sufficient for anyminor repair work.b)
Hot clothes iron.
A hot clothesiron will melt PVC and give a very strongjoin, provided the temperature is adjustedproperly. We use a Chinese ‘Red heart’(Tk 415) iron with a setting between rayonand silk with excellent results. Two layersof PVC are placed on a flat, 4-inch drivebelt with newspaper on top and ironeduntil the paper is just singed (brown) andthe plastic melted. The weave pattern ofthe flat belt comes through, so the plastic
January-February 1983ADAB NEWS 37