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Gender Gaps in Education - India

Gender Gaps in Education - India

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Published by ADBGAD
Presentation by Anjini Kochar, Stanford University
ADB-OECD Joint Workshop on Gender and 3Es in India, Indonesia, and, PRC
ADB Headquarters, 27-28 February 2012
Presentation by Anjini Kochar, Stanford University
ADB-OECD Joint Workshop on Gender and 3Es in India, Indonesia, and, PRC
ADB Headquarters, 27-28 February 2012

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Published by: ADBGAD on Mar 05, 2012
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01/15/2013

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Gender gaps in education - India
Anjini KocharStanford Center for InternationalDevelopmentStanford University
The views expressed in this paper are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the AsianDevelopment Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The countries listed in this paper donot imply any view on ADB's part as to sovereignty or independent status or necessarily conform to ADB's terminology.
 
 
Overview of talk
Data on gender disparities and trends
 –
National, rural/urban, regional, caste
Gender disparities in achievement/quality
 –
Evidence from within schools, Karnataka
 –
Data on household expenditure on boys, girls
Rural/urban, regional
Theories
 –
Gender differences in returns and costs of schooling
 –
Family / cultural factors (son preference)Changing nature of the family (Karnataka)
Conclusion
 
2007: Gender gaps in completed level of schooling, by age group and rural/urbansector (NSS 64
th
round, major states)
Age group/completed educRural Urban
Male Female Male Female
11-13primary
0.70 (0.46) 0.66 (0.47) 0.80 (0.40) 0.79 (0.41)
Currently - HPS
0.55 (0.50) 0.51 (0.50) 0.59 (0.49) 0.58 (0.49)
14-16Primary
0.83 (0.37) 0.78 (0.41) 0.89 (0.31) 0.88 (0.32)
Upper primary
0.51 (0.50) 0.46 (0.50) 0.65 (0.48) 0.66 (0.47)
Currently enroll -secondary
0.35 (0.48) 0.30 (0.46) 0.42 (0.49) 0.40 (0.49)
17-19Primary
0.83 (0.37) 0.72 (0.45) 0.90 (0.30) 0.89 (0.31)
Upper primary
0.63 (0.48) 0.52 (0.50) 0.75 (0.43) 0.76 (0.43)
Sec
0.38 (0.49) 0.31 (0.46) 0.54 (0.50) 0.59 (0.49)
Higher sec
0.12 (0.31) 0.12 (0.30) 0.22 (0.41) 0.28 (0.45)
Currently in Hsec
0.16 (0.37) 0.10 (0.31) 0.22 (0.41) 0.20 (0.40)
Rural: Comparison across cohorts suggests narrowing gaps over timeUrban: insignificant gender gap

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