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Table Of Contents

Introduction
Tutorials
2.1 Overview of the compilation process
2.1.2 The compiler input
Table 2 - 1 Configuration files
Table 2 - 2 Input file types
2.1.2.1 Steps before linking
Table 2 - 3 clist output
Table 2 - 4 preprocessor output
Table 2 - 5 Intermediate and Support files
Table 2 - 6 Parser output
Table 2 - 7 Code generator output
Table 2 - 8 Assembler output
Table 2 - 9 Assembler listing
2.1.2.2 The link stage
Table 2 - 10 Output formats
2.2.1.1 The psect directive
2.3.1 Grouping psects
2.3.2 Positioning psects
2.3.3 Linker options to position psects
2.3.3.1 Placing psects at an address
2.3.3.2 Exceptional cases
2.3.3.4 User-defined psects
2.3.4 Issues when linking
2.3.4.2 Separate memory areas
2.3.4.3 Objects at absolute addresses
2.3.5 Modifying the linker options
PICC18 Command Line Driver
Table 3 - 1 PICC-18 File Types
3.4.2 -Aaddress: Specify offset for ROM
3.4.3 -A-option: Specify Extra Assembler Option
3.4.4 -AAHEX: Generate American Automation Symbolic Hex
3.4.5 -ASMLIST: Generate Assembler .LST Files
3.4.6 -BIN: Generate Binary Output File
3.4.7 -Bl: Select Large Memory Model
3.4.8 -Bs: Select Small Memory Model
3.4.10 -CKfile: Generate Checksum
3.4.11 -CP16: Use 16-bit Wide Program Space Pointers
3.4.12 -CP24: Use 24-bit Wide Program Space Pointers
3.4.13 -CRfile: Generate Cross Reference Listing
3.4.14 -D24: Use 24-bit Doubles
3.4.15 -D32: Use 32-bit Doubles
3.4.17 -E: Define Format for Compiler Errors
3.4.17.1 Using the -E Option
3.4.17.2 Modifying the Standard -E Format
Table 3 - 3 Error Format Specifiers
3.4.17.3 Redirecting Errors to a File
3.4.18 -Efile: Redirect Compiler Errors to a File
3.4.21 -Gfile: Generate source-level Symbol File
3.4.24 -Ipath: Include Search Path
3.4.25 -INTEL: Generate INTEL Hex File
3.4.26.1 Printf with Additional Support for Longs and Floats
3.4.27 -L-option: Specify Extra Linker Option
3.4.28 -Mfile: Generate Map File
3.4.29 -MPLAB: Compile and Debug using MPLAB IDE
3.4.30 -MOT: Generate Motorola S-Record HEX File
3.4.31 -Nsize: Identifier Length
3.4.32 -NODEL Do not remove temporary/intermediate files
3.4.33 -NOERRATA Disable errata-fix modifications
3.4.34 -NORT: Do Not Link Standard Runtime Module
3.4.35 -O: Invoke Optimizer
3.4.36 -Ofile: Specify Output File
3.4.37 -P: Preprocess Assembly Files
3.4.38 -PRE: Produce Preprocessed Source Code
3.4.39 -PROTO: Generate Prototypes
3.4.40 -PSECTMAP: Display Complete Memory Usage
3.4.41 -q: Quiet Mode
3.4.42 -RESRAMranges[,ranges]
3.4.43 -RESROMranges[,ranges]
3.4.44 -ROMranges: Specify External Memory
3.4.45 -S: Compile to Assembler Code
3.4.46 -SIGNED_CHAR: Make Char Type Signed
3.4.47 -STRICT: Strict ANSI Conformance
3.4.48 -TEK: Generate Tektronix HEX File
3.4.49 -Umacro: Undefine a Macro
3.4.50 -UBROF: Generate UBROF Format Output File
3.4.51 -V: Verbose Compile
3.4.52 -Wlevel[!]: Set Warning Level
3.4.53 -X: Strip Local Symbols
3.4.54 -Zg[level]: Global Optimization
Features and Runtime Environment
4.1.1 Divergence from the ANSI C Standard
4.1.2 Implementation-defined behaviour
4.2.1 Processor Support
4.2.2 Configuration Fuses
Table 4 - 1 Configuration bit settings for 18Cxxx parts
4.3.5.1 The powerup Routine
4.4 Supported Data Types and Variables
4.4.1 Radix Specifiers and Constants
Table 4 - 4 Data Types
Table 4 - 5 Radix Formats
4.4.2 Bit Data Types and Variables
4.4.2.1 Using Bit-Addressable Registers
4.4.3 8-Bit Integer Data Types and Variables
4.4.4 16-Bit Integer Data Types
4.4.5 32-Bit Integer Data Types and Variables
4.4.6 Floating Point Types and Variables
4.4.7 Structures and Unions
Table 4 - 6 Floating Point Formats
Table 4 - 7 IEEE 754 32-bit and 24-bit Examples
4.4.7.1 Bit Fields in Structures
4.4.7.2 Structure and Union Qualifiers
4.4.8 Standard Type Qualifiers
4.4.8.1 Const and Volatile Type Qualifiers
4.4.9 Special Type Qualifiers
4.4.9.1 Persistent Type Qualifier
4.4.9.2 Near Type Qualifier
4.4.9.3 Far Type Qualifier
4.4.10 Bdata Type qualifier
4.4.11 Pointer Types
4.4.11.2 Const and Far Pointers
4.4.11.3 Function Pointers
4.4.11.4 Combining Type Qualifiers and Pointers
4.5 Storage Class and Object Placement
4.5.1 Local Variables
4.5.1.1 Auto Variables
4.5.1.2 Static Variables
4.5.2 Absolute Variables
4.5.3 Objects in Program Space
4.6.1 Function Argument Passing
4.6.2 Function Return Values
4.6.2.1 8-Bit Return Values
4.6.2.2 16-Bit and 32-bit Return Values
4.6.2.3 Structure Return Values
4.6.3 Memory Models and Usage
4.8.1 Integral Promotion
4.8.2 Shifts applied to integral types
4.8.3 Division and modulus with integral types
4.9.1 Compiler-generated Psects
Table 4 - 8 Integral division
4.10.1 Interrupt Functions
4.10.2 Context Saving on Interrupts
4.10.3 Context Retrieval
4.10.4 Interrupt Levels
4.11 Mixing C and Assembler Code
4.11.1 External Assembly Language Functions
4.11.2 Accessing C objects from within assembler
4.11.3 #asm, #endasm and asm()
4.12.1 Preprocessor Directives
4.12.2 Predefined Macros
4.12.3 Pragma Directives
4.12.3.1 The #pragma jis and nojis Directives
4.12.3.2 The #pragma printf_check Directive
Table 4 - 10 Predefined CPP Symbols
4.12.3.3 The #pragma psect Directive
Table 4 - 11 Pragma Directives
4.12.3.4 The #pragma regsused Directive
4.12.3.5 The #pragma switch Directive
Table 4 - 12 Valid regsused Register Names
4.13.1 Replacing Library Modules
4.13.2 Signature Checking
4.13.3 Linker-Defined Symbols
4.14 Standard I/O Functions and Serial I/O
4.15.1 MPLAB-specific information
Table 4 - 13 Supported STDIO Functions
PICC-18 Macro Assembler
Table 5 - 1 ASPIC18 Assembler options
5.3.1 Assembler Format Deviations
Table 5 - 2 ASPIC18 Numbers and bases
5.3.7.1 Significance of Identifiers
5.3.7.2 Assembler-Generated Identifiers
Table 5 - 3 Operators
Table 5 - 4 ASPIC18 Statement formats
Table 5 - 5 ASPIC18 Directives (pseudo-ops)
5.3.12.18 IF, ELSIF, ELSE and ENDIF
5.3.12.19 MACRO and ENDM
5.3.13 Macro Invocations
5.3.14 Assembler Controls
Table 5 - 7 ASPIC18 Assembler controls
Table 5 - 8 LIST Control Options
Linker and Utilities Reference Manual
Table 6 - 1 Linker Options
6.7.1 Numbers in linker options
6.7.2 -Aclass=low-high,
6.7.23 -Sclass=limit[, bound]
6.9.1 Call Graph Information
6.10.1 The Library Format
6.10.2 Using the Librarian
Table 6 - 2 Librarian Options
6.10.4 Supplying Arguments
Table 6 - 3 Librarian Key Letter Commands
6.10.6 Ordering of Libraries
66.11.1 Checksum Specifications
Table 6 - 4 Objtohex Options
Table 6 - 8 Memmap options
Error Messages
Library Functions
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Published by: NurZul HealMe on Mar 05, 2012
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