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Most important topic of recent Textile material Handling is Anthropometric operation.
Most important topic of recent Textile material Handling is Anthropometric operation.

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Published by: Rakibul Alam -ҳҖҳ on Mar 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Rakibul Alam & Sumaia Rashid
Anthropometry is the study of the dimensions and abilities of the human body. This is thestudy of human body measurement for use in anthropological classification and comparison. Theuse of such data as skull dimensions and body proportions in the attempt to classify human be-ings into
racial, ethnic, and national
groups has been largely discredited, but anthropometrictechniques are still used in physical anthropology and pale anthropology, especially to study evo-lutionary change in fossil.According to
James Tanner
, former Professor of Child Health at the University of Lon-don-
“Anthropometry was born not of medicine or science, but of 
the arts, impregnated by thespirit of Pythagorean philosophy. Painters and sculptors needed instruction about the relativeproportions of legs and trunk, shoulders and hips, eyes and forehead; so that they could moreeasily go about what we might nowadays consider the mundane occupation of making life-like
 The subject of anthropometry is of considerable interest to historians, not only because of its intellectual importance, but also because of the capacity of anthropometric measurements toshed new light on the health and well-being of past generations.Usually there are two types of Anthropometry as follows-
Static anthropometry:
The measurement of body sizes at rest
Functional anthropometry
: The measurement of abilities related to complet-ing tasks.
The systematic quantitative representation of the human body is Anthropometrics. Anth-ropometrics literally means man (anthro) measurements (metric). It is the measurement of thesize and proportions of the human body, as well as parameters such as reach and visual rangecapabilities. Study of Anthropometrics (human measurement) is concerned with the physical siz-es and shapes of humans of particular interest are the differences between and among differentpopulations (
men vs. women, Northern Europeans vs. Japanese, etc
). Anthropometric Va-riance Parameters are as follows:
Rakibul Alam & Sumaia Rashid
Gender Age Ethnicity
 Now let‟s consider an example of Wheel Mobility Device. Wheeled mobility devices are
used by people with mobility impairments to support their mobility in buildings and in the com-munity, e.g. manual wheelchairs, power wheelchairs and scooters. In the case of wheeled mobili-ty,
static anthropometry
includes measurement of people and their devices&
functional anth-ropometry
includes measurement of reaching abilities, maneuvering and other aspects of spaceand equipment use from a wheeled mobility device.Today, anthropometry plays an important role inindustrial design,clothingdesign,ergo- nomics,andarchitecture,where statistical data about the distribution of body dimensions in the population are used to optimize products. Changes in life styles, nutrition and ethnic compositionof populations lead to changes in the distribution of body dimensions (e.g., theobesityepidem-ic), and require regular updating of anthropometric data collections. Typical anthropometricmeasurements include standing stature, weight, distance between eyes, and circumferencearound waist. People are all aware of the comfort related issues. Especially in the developedcountries the numbers of the working people are very high and they are engaged with differentprofessions and some professions really demand the garments which can serve the purpose. Ithas been also noticed that a comfortable worker can increase the work efficiency dramaticallywhich will be disclosed in this article.
Rakibul Alam & Sumaia Rashid
 Historical background of Anthropometrics:
During the nineteenth century, the term „anthropometry‟ was promoted and popularized
by such writers as Adolphe Quetelet (1796-1874), Charles Roberts (d. 1901), and Paul Topinard(1830-1911). Topinard defined the study of anthropometry as the systematic measurement of thedifferent parts of the human body in order to determine their respective proportions not only at
different ages, but also „in the human races, so as to distinguish them and establish their relationsto each other‟ (quoted
in Spencer 1997, p. 80).As this brief history indicates, the origins of the science of anthropometry can be tracedin a number of different ways. One of the earliest spurs to development in the modern era wasthe study of human growth, as indicated by the famous series of measurements conducted on hisson by Count Philibert Guéneau de Montbeillard (1720-1785), and published by Georges-LouisLeclerc Buffon (1707-88) in the fourth
to his
 Natural History
(1777). The develop-ment of anthropometry was also influenced by the development of physical anthropology and the
search for evidence of „racial‟ variations. During the second half of the nineteenth century, se
v-eral researchers, including the Austrian physician, Karl Scherzer (1821-1903), conducted inves-
tigations into the physical measurements of supposedly „primitive‟ peoples, and the British ant
h-ropologist, John Beddoe (1826-1911), assembled information on the height, weight, and other
characteristics of the different „races‟ of the British Isles.
The development of anthropometrywas also closely bound up with research into the health and physical condition of people livingunder different social and economic conditions.The disciplines of anthropometrics have a specialized vocabulary of terms with specificmeanings for designating points and distances of measurement, range, direction of motion, andmass.
 Measurements of Anthropometrics:
For being comfortable working environment there should be some measurements whichwould be helpful for the efficient anthropometry. There were eleven measurements:-1.
Stretch: Length of body from leftshoulderto rightmiddle fingerwhen arm is raised3.
Bust: Length of torsofrom head to seat, taken when seated4.
Length of head: Crown to forehead5.
Width of head: Temple to temple6.
Length of rightear7.
Length of leftfoot8.
Length of leftmiddle finger9.
Length of leftcubit:Elbow to tip of middle finger10.
Width of cheeks11.
Length of leftlittle finger[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/]

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