Rakibul Alam & Sumaia Rashid
Historical background of Anthropometrics:
During the nineteenth century, the term „anthropometry‟ was promoted and popularized
by such writers as Adolphe Quetelet (1796-1874), Charles Roberts (d. 1901), and Paul Topinard(1830-1911). Topinard defined the study of anthropometry as the systematic measurement of thedifferent parts of the human body in order to determine their respective proportions not only at
different ages, but also „in the human races, so as to distinguish them and establish their relationsto each other‟ (quoted
in Spencer 1997, p. 80).As this brief history indicates, the origins of the science of anthropometry can be tracedin a number of different ways. One of the earliest spurs to development in the modern era wasthe study of human growth, as indicated by the famous series of measurements conducted on hisson by Count Philibert Guéneau de Montbeillard (1720-1785), and published by Georges-LouisLeclerc Buffon (1707-88) in the fourth
(1777). The develop-ment of anthropometry was also influenced by the development of physical anthropology and the
search for evidence of „racial‟ variations. During the second half of the nineteenth century, se
v-eral researchers, including the Austrian physician, Karl Scherzer (1821-1903), conducted inves-
tigations into the physical measurements of supposedly „primitive‟ peoples, and the British ant
h-ropologist, John Beddoe (1826-1911), assembled information on the height, weight, and other
characteristics of the different „races‟ of the British Isles.
The development of anthropometrywas also closely bound up with research into the health and physical condition of people livingunder different social and economic conditions.The disciplines of anthropometrics have a specialized vocabulary of terms with specificmeanings for designating points and distances of measurement, range, direction of motion, andmass.
Measurements of Anthropometrics:
For being comfortable working environment there should be some measurements whichwould be helpful for the efficient anthropometry. There were eleven measurements:-1.
Bust: Length of torsofrom head to seat, taken when seated4.
Length of head: Crown to forehead5.
Width of head: Temple to temple6.
Length of leftcubit:Elbow to tip of middle finger10.