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The Role of China in Afghanistan's Economic Development and Reconstruction

The Role of China in Afghanistan's Economic Development and Reconstruction

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Published by CFC Cimicweb
This document provides an overview of China's engagement with Afghanistan, with a particular emphasis on economic development, reconstruction and natural resource exploitation.
This document provides an overview of China's engagement with Afghanistan, with a particular emphasis on economic development, reconstruction and natural resource exploitation.

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Published by: CFC Cimicweb on Mar 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/06/2012

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Eirfg ?39?Fbesrkgkjv`xk @jhbreiq`bj bj Fbeslkw Fr`vkv
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  sbrqil ija b{r ~kkdlp ija ebjqglp  s{ol`fiq`bjv* FHF srba{fqv irk oivka {sbj ija l`jd qb bskj%vb{rfk `jhbreiq`bj hrbe i ~`ak xir`kqp bh brnij`viq`bjv, rkvkirfg fkjqrkv ija eka`i vb{rfkv* Gb~kxkr, qgk FHF abkv jbq kjabrvk ija fijjbq jkfkvvir`lp n{irijqkk qgk iff{rifp br bomkfq`x`qp bh qgkvk vb{rfkv*
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qgk Skbslk‐v _ks{ol`f bh Fg`ji qb rkfbjvqr{fq`bj ija akxklbsekjq `j 
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3; Akfkeokr ?399, iq qgk Vkfbja @jqkrjiq`bjil Objj Fbjhkrkjfk bj Ihngij`vqij, Fg`ji‐v E`j`vqkr bh Hbrk`nj Ihhi`rv akflirka qgk hbllb~`jn= “
Qgk Fg`jkvk skbslk fgkr`vg hr`kjalp vkjq`ekjqv qb~ira qgkIhngij skbslk ija v`jfkrklp gbsk qgiq skifk, vqio`l`qp, `jakskjakjfk ija akxklbsekjq ~`ll fbek qbIhngij`vqij iq ij kirlp aiqk* ^k ~`ll ~brd ~`qg qgk `jqkrjiq`bjil fbee{j`qp ija eidk b{r a{k fbjqr`o{q`bj qb qgkifg`kxkekjq bh qg`v nbil*
― V{fg fbeekjqv rkhlkfq Fg`ji‐v kjninkekjq ~`qg Ihngij`vqij‐v akxklbsekjq, ~g`fg
giv, v`jfk Eirfg ?393, qidkj slifk `j qgk vfbsk bh qgk Fg`ji%Ihngij`vqij fbesrkgkjv`xk fbbskriq`xk sirqjkrvg`sinrkkekjq,iffbra`jn qb
 K{riv`i _kx`k~
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, ~g`fg sr`eir`lp hbf{vkv {sbj Fg`ji‐v fbjqr`
o{q`bj qb akxklbsekjq ija jiq{ril rkvb{rfk kwslb`qiq`bj `jIhngij`vqij* Qg`v rkx`k~ bh Fg`jkvk kjninkekjq `v a`x`aka `jqb qgk hbllb~`jn vkfq`bjv= '`) i`a ija akxklbsekjqh`jijf`jn, '``) o`liqkril qriak ija '``) `jxkvqekjq `j jiq{ril rkvb{rfkv* @q o{`lav {sbj srkx`b{v FHF ~brd fbjfkrj`jn
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Fg`jkvk I`a ( Akxklbsekjq H`jijf`jn
Xir`b{v vb{rfkv srbx`ak a`hhkr`jn kvq`eiqkv bh Fg`jkvk i`a qb Ihngij`vqij bxkr qgk fb{rvk bh qgk sivq akfiak*
Fg`ji Ai`lp
, hbr `jvqijfk, `ja`fiqkv qgiq Fg`ji bhhkrka [VA 969 e`ll`bj qb Ihngij`vqij hrbe ?33? qb e`a%?393*
Qgk Ihngij E`j`vqrp bh H`jijfk‐v'
EbH)Abjbr Ivv`vqijfk Aiqioivk s{qv qgk h`n{rk iq [VA 918 e`ll`bj*Bhhkr`jn i g`ngkr ija ebrk fbeebjlp%f`qka h`n{rk, i Vksqkeokr ?393 rksbrq hrbe qgkFirjkn`k Kjab~ekjq vipv qgiq
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9
Gb~kxkr, obqg qgk Firjkn`k
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Hbrk`nj Sbl`fp
eini}`jk*Fg`jkvk i`a qb Ihngij`vqij `v v`nj`h`fijqlp lkvv qgij `qvivv`vqijfk qb bqgkr akxklbs`jn fb{jqr`kv* [VA ?33e`ll`bj vsrkia ifrbvv j`jk pkirv ieb{jqv qbissrbw`eiqklp [VA ??*? e`ll`bj skr pkir okq~kkj ?33?ija ?393* @j fbesir`vbj, rkvkirfg hrbe qgk Fkjqkr hbrNlboil Akxklbsekjq'FNA)v{nnkvqv qgiq Fg`jkvk i`a nlboillp ieb{jqv qb okq~kkj [VA 9*; o`ll`bj ija [VA? o`ll`bj ijj{illp*
6
 
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 Ivvbf`iqka Srkvv 'IS)
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8
@j iaa`q`bj, hbr iq lkivq h`xk pkirv, Fg`ji giv srbx`aka vfgblirvg`sv,issrbw`eiqklp 63 skr pkir, hbr Ihngijv ~`vg`jn qb iqqkja Fg`jkvk {j`xkrv`q`kv, iffbra`jn qb
Hbrk`nj Sbl`fp
*
>
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9
Aiqi bj i`a hrbe Fg`ji qb Ihngij`vqij `v jbq `jfl{aka `j qgk I`aAiqi srbmkfq, ~g`fg iqqkesqv qb qrifd e{lq`slk vb{rfkv bj bhh`f`il akxklbsekjq ivv`vqijfk hlb~v*
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6
 
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1
Qg`v srbmkfq ~iv qgk v{omkfq bh i Mij{irp ?39? irq`flk `j
 W`jg{i
, qgk Fg`jkvk vqiqk jk~v inkjfp*
;
 
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8
@q abkv jbq isskir l`dklp qgiq qgkvk h`jil q~b srbmkfqv irk `jfl{aka `j qgk kvq`eiq`bj bh Fg`jkvk i`a qb Ihngij`vqij srbx`aka kirl`kr `jqg`v vkfq`bj* Qgbvk kvq`eiqkv ~krk s{ol`vgka sr`eir`lp `j qgk h`rvq gilh bh ?393*
>
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Eis bh Ihngij`vqij, Fg`ji ija qgk ^idgij Fbrr`abr
 
* Qgk^idgij fbrr`abr `v i jirrb~ vqr`s bh lija fbjjkfq`jn Fg`jiija Ihngij`vqij* Qgk q~b fb{jqr`kv vgirk i >1%de obrakr,~g`fg giv rkei`jka flbvka akvs`qk `jqkrjiq`bjil fillv hbrFg`ji qbbskj qgk obrakr hbr fbeekrfk,iffbra`jn qb i  Miekvqb~j Hb{jaiq`bj rksbrq*
Eis ixi`liolk hrbe  [V Jiq`bjil S{ol`f _ia`b*
 
 Iv`iQ`ekv
* Qg`v sbrq fb{la rksbrqkalp vkrxk iv i ekijv bh ebrk kiv`lp`esbrq`jn nbbav `jqb Ihngij`vqij ija fb{la hif`l`qiqk qgk kwsbrq bh Ihngij inr`f{lq{ril ija `ja{vqr`il srba{fqv, `jfl{a`jn jiq{rilrkvb{rfkv*
O`liqkril Qriak
@j brakr qb srbebqk qriak fbbskriq`bj, Ihngij`vqij ija Fg`ji v`njka i o`liqkril kfbjbe`f fbbskriq`bj inrkkekjq 
`j ?338, iffbra`jn qb i rksbrq hrbe @ja`i‐v Bovkrxkr _kvkirfg Hb{jaiq`bj'
B_H)* Iv i rkv{lq bh qg`v inrkkekjqija qgk v{ovky{kjq hbreiq`bj bh qgk V`jb%Ihngij Kfbjbe`f Qriak Fbee`qqkk,qgk q~b fb{jqr`kv inrkka qb l`hq f{vqbev a{q`kv bj ?>7 fbeebjlp%qriaka `qkev, iffbra`jn i vq{ap op qgk Jbr~kn`ij Skifko{`la`jn Fkjqrk'JB_KH)* Gb~kxkr, iv aiqi hrbe qgk Fg`jkvk E`j`vqrp bh Fbeekrfk'EbF
)akebjvqriqkv, Ihngij`vqij‐v `esbrqv
hrbe Fg`ji gixk hir b{qvqr`sska Ihngij kwsbrqv qb Fg`ji '
vkk Qiolk 9
)*
Qiolk 9* Qriak okq~kkj Ihngij`vqij ija Fg`ji, 9000%?330
PkirFg`jkvk Kwsbrqv qbIhngij`vqij '[VA E`ll`bj)Fg`jkvk @esbrqv hrbeIhngij`vqij '[VA E`ll`bj)Qbqil Xil{k bh Qriak'[VA E`ll`bj)
7
 
9000 98*87 ?*03 90*;7?333 90*70 ;*13 ?;*?0?33? 90*0? 3*37 90*00?336 ?8*1; 3*89 ?>*38?331 ;8*0> 3*0; ;>*0??33; ;9*?9 9*;8 ;?*>>?338 933*1> 3*90 933*88?33> 980*33 ?*33 9>9*33?337
0
 9;? 6 9;1?330 ?9; 9 ?98
Vb{rfk= Aiqi hbr 9000 qb ?337 `v hrbe Vq`ji Qbrmkvkj, “
 , Jbrkh Sbl`fp Or`kh, Jbr~kn`ij
Skifko{`la`jn Fkjqrk, M{jk ?393* Aiqi hbr ill pkirv ija vskf`h`fillp hbr ?330 br`n`jiqkv hrbe qgk vqiq`vq`fv vkfq`bj bh qgk  E`j`vqrp bh 
*Aiqi hbr ?393 ija ?399 `v jbq pkq ixi`liolk hrbe qgk Fg`jkvk E`j`vqrp bh Fbeekrfk*
Fg`ji abkv jbq rijd iebjn qgkqbs h`xk `esbrqkrv bh Ihngij srba{fqv,~g`fg `jfl{aka qgk hbllb~`jn `j ?393 iffbra`jn qb qgk
F@I ^brla Hifqobbd 
= Sid`vqij '?;*0+ bh Ihngij kwsbrqv), @ja`i '?;*;+), qgk [j`qka Vqiqkv'91*0+), Qim`d`vqij '0*8+) ija Nkreijp ';+)* ^`qg Ihngij`vqij gix`jn kwsbrqka [VA 836 e`ll`bj `j ?337,
Fg`ji‐v vgirk bh Ihngij kwsbrqv `j qgiq pkir ~iv bjk gilh bh i skrfkjq
*
7
Jbqk qgiq j{eokrv `j qg`v fbl{ej eip jbq ok qgk kwifq v{e bh qgk j{eokrv `j qgk srkfka`jn q~b fbl{ejv a{k qb rb{ja`jn*
0
H`n{rkv hbr ?337 ija ?330 irk lkvv akqi`lka qgij `j srkx`b{v pkirv4 gkjfk, akf`eil slifkv irk be`qqka*
 
Qgk Sid`vqij` sbrq iq N~iair*
Eis iaisqka hrbe qgk  Gbllb~v Hb{jaiq`bj*
 N~iair
IHNGIJ@VQIJSID@VQIJ@JA@I

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