Physical planning at the M.C.M. like in other local Authorities derives its legal andinstitutional framework from the Physical Planning Act Cap 286 of the Laws of Kenya.The physical planning Act (P.P.A.) became operational on 29
October 1998 effectivelyrepealing the Town Planning Act and the Land Planning Act as detailed in the P.P.A.Section 53. In reference to the Act, their needs to be a partnership between the Director of Physical Planning in the Ministry of Lands in charge of the Province or the District andthe Department of Town Planning at the Local Authority. This is evidenced by the Actssection 24 (1) and (3), that states: ‘ the Director of physical planning may prepare withreference to any Government land, Trust land or Private land within an area of authorityof a city, Municipal, town or Urban Council or with reference to any trading or marketingcentre, a local Physical development plan.’ Sections 29, 30(1), 31(1) and 33(1) define therole of the local Authority in the planning process. Based on the above, it’s clear thatplanning is a process of coordination between the Directorate Physical Planning and theLocal authority which has a control/supervisory/implementing role in attaining the finalenvisioned plan. Collaboration between the two offices forms the bedrock of successfulplanning ventures and this interplay is present and active between the MombasaMunicipal Council and the Physical Planning office at the Ministry of Lands – Coastprovince, thereby effectively completing the professional equation necessary forsuccessful planning.