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Timeline of Atomic Theory

Timeline of Atomic Theory

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Published by enver97
complete history of atomic timeline...
complete history of atomic timeline...

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: enver97 on Mar 06, 2012
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08/28/2013

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TIMELINE OF ATOMICTHEORY
 
DEMOCRITUS (460-370 B.C.E.)
One of the first scientists known to study the Atom, Democritus is considered the father of theatom. He theorized that all atoms are made of 
small, indivisible, indestructible particles
.
Democritus also held that there are an
infinitenumber of atoms
, as well as different types of atoms that vary in
shape, weight
and
size
.
Democritus did not run any experiments,
because they did not have the technology as we
do now to be able to look at material at an atomiclevel. He also did not run his scientificobservations along the guidelines of the scientificmethod. His contributions are important because
they set the basis for our current understanding
of the elements.
 
JOHN DALTON (1803)
John Dalton composed an atomic theory made up of four postulates.
Just like Democritus, John Dalton's atomic theory states thatelements are composed of indivisible particles called atoms
(
postulate 1
). His theory differs, however, because his theory
goes into atoms of different types of elements. For example,all carbon atoms are the same, but a carbon atom and alithium atom are different (
postulate 2 - all atoms of thesame element are identical
). We know that they are
different because they have distinctive atomic weights.
Democritus also did not talk about the chemical reactions of different types of atoms. Dalton states that atoms canphysically blend together or chemically bind together to formcompounds, which are in whole- number ratios (
postulate 3
).
These reactions occur when atoms are divided, combined, or 
rearranged. However, atoms of one element do not changeinto atoms of another (
postulate 4
).

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