JOHN DALTON (1803)
John Dalton composed an atomic theory made up of four postulates.
Just like Democritus, John Dalton's atomic theory states thatelements are composed of indivisible particles called atoms
). His theory differs, however, because his theory
goes into atoms of different types of elements. For example,all carbon atoms are the same, but a carbon atom and alithium atom are different (
postulate 2 - all atoms of thesame element are identical
). We know that they are
different because they have distinctive atomic weights.
Democritus also did not talk about the chemical reactions of different types of atoms. Dalton states that atoms canphysically blend together or chemically bind together to formcompounds, which are in whole- number ratios (
These reactions occur when atoms are divided, combined, or
rearranged. However, atoms of one element do not changeinto atoms of another (