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Dr. Jose Rizal at Dapitan

Dr. Jose Rizal at Dapitan

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Dr. Jose Rizal at Dapitan
Dr. Jose Rizal at Dapitan

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Published by: Mark Denver Francisco on Nov 26, 2008
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01/30/2013

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Dapitan
Despujol’s decree produced consternation among Rizal’s friendsand partisans, but they soon overcome it. On the same night thatdecree appeared in the Gazette, a secret meeting was held in anaccesoria (apartment) on Azcarraga street. The apartment wasmodest, and its tenant was a nearsighted old man, inoffensive andsickly in appearance. His name was DeodatoArellano and his onlycompanions were his wife and a nephew, a daring young man teemingwith vitality, named Gregorio del Pilar. Deodato was a brother-in-law of Marcelo del Pilar, editor of La Solidaridad, and the copies of thisfortnightly magazine came consigned in his name.At the meeting there were only seven persons in all, including thetenant of the place, but among the seven was the fiery AndresBonifacio. They spoke in a low voice as if they were afraid to be heardor surprised. Only one sentiment animated all, and in a short time themeeting was adjourned after they had arrived at a solemn accord: tofound th Katipunan, an association of the sons of the people topromote the sepreration of the country from Spain.The Filipino League did not live long although it was backed by thename of Rizal. Not being steeped in the intimate feelings of thefounder, those who had obligated themselves to it, believing it to be anew instrument to ask peaceably for reforms from the government,considered it to useless and of little efficacy and gradually separatedfrom it to join the Katipunan, whose program seemed to them moredetermined, more resolute, and more daring in its aims.A week later Rizal arrived at Dapitan and was delivered in personby an officer in transport to the commander of the post, Don RicardoCarnicero, Captain of the Infantry.
 
Despujol was in a way considerate towards Rizal. In a sealeddocument brought by the officer of the boat, Rizal was authorized tolodge in the mission-house of the Jesuits; or, if he preffered to live inthe mission-house; but in view of that the Jesuits required him, as acondition precedent, to retract his religious and political ideas tosubmit himself to spiritual exercises in accordance with the instructionsreceived from the head of the Mission, he asked that he be permittedto live in the house of him.The commander of the district, Don Ricardo Carnicero, was a manwho was dicreet and generous and one not lacking in talent, Rizal livedwith him and had one long conversation with him at table or during thewalks which the two took almost daily. Always affable, respectful,gracious, and of exquisite conversation, Rizal soon won the good willand then the cordial friendship of his keeper, so much so that the latterpermitted him all the liberties not incompatible with officialsurveillance. Carnicero also benefited by this mutual confidence, as hebecame acquainted with Rizal’s most intimate ideas and thought andwas able to use them as material for his official report to the GovernorGeneral.In one of their conversations Rizal reiterated the program of reforms that he wanted for the Philippines, which he had expressedpreviously in his writing. He wished to: (1) give representation to theFilipinos to the Cortes; (2) secularize the friars, doing away with thetutorship which the latter exercise over the government and thecountry, and the distributing the curaries as they became vacantamong the clergymen, who could be Filipinos or Spaniards; (3)improved and reform the Administration in all its branches; (4) fosterprimary instruction, taking away all intervention of the friars andgiving the teachers more pay; (5) divide fifty-fifty the appointments in
 
the country between the Spaniards and the Filipinos; (6) createschools arts and trades in the capitals of the provinces of more than16,000 inhabitants; (70 permit freedom of religion and of the press.When Carnicero, feigning to be a partisan of his reforms, calledattention to the impossibility of obtaining these reforms on account of the great influence of the friars both in Madrid and in Manila, Rizalanswered:“Do not think so. The influence of the friars is warning in all partsof the world. I am bold enough to assure you that with thegovernment a little advanced, where there are five or six men likeBecerra, the friars would disappear. In Madrid they know perfectly wellall that the friars do here, so much so that in the first interviews I hadwith Pi and Linares Rivas, when the latter belonged to the liberal Party,they informed me of things which I, a native of this country, did notknow. I could cite to you many who, like and miracles of the friars inthe Philippines; but, as they tell me: “The bad government thatsucceed one another in Spain are guilty of many abuses committed onbehalf of the religious corporations; the day things change, we will notforget those gentlemen. ’In the Philippines, I regret to tell you, thefriars are disliked and they make themselves more repugment andodious every day by their meddling in everything. The deportation of my family is due to the denunciation of a friar.” Because of the lack of physicians, Rizal practiced his profession inthe town, rendering his professional services to all persons whosolicited them, without changing the poor. He charged the othersaccording to their means. A rich English man who came to consult himand whom Rizal operated on for paid him five hundred dollars, all of which Rizal spent in endowing the town with electric lightings

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