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Static Exitation System -Project Report

Static Exitation System -Project Report

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Published by Kumar Aravind
this report is about static excitation system for syn. generator.
this report is about static excitation system for syn. generator.

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Published by: Kumar Aravind on Mar 07, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Excitation systems supply and regulate the amount of D.C. current required bygenerator field windings and include all power regulating control and protectiveelements. The static excitation system is the most commonly used excitation systemfor hydro generators.
The excitation equipment comprises of excitation transformer,thyristors, field discharge circuit breaker with discharge resistor, field flashing circuit,automatic voltage regulator and protection and control devices and accessories. Themain device for static excitation is thyristor.
Division Of Electrical Engineering, SOE, CUSAT 
The static excitation equipment consists of regulation cubicales, field flashing andfield breaker cubicles, thyristor cubicles and transformer cubicles. The staticexcitation equipment draws its power from the generator terminal itself through a stepdown excitation transformer of 850 KVA rating housed inside a cubicle. The initialvoltage is build up at the generator terminals by field flashing from the auxiliary ac/dcsupply(station supply).The ac input supply of all electronic power supplies are givenfrom the secondary of the excitation transformer through the suitable intermediatetransformers. The secondary of the excitation transformer feeds the Thyristor Bridgewhich consists of parallel connected bridges to meet the field current requirement of the machine. The dc output of the Thyristor Bridge is fed to the generator fieldthrough discharge resistance in the field circuit enables faster suppression of storedenergy in the field.
Dry type cast coil excitation transformers are used in static excitation system to feedexcitation power to the generator. The primary of the transformer is connected to thegenerator terminal. The secondary of the transformer is connected to thyristoconvertor, which provides controlled excitation to the generator field.
A 3 phase 6 pulse fully controlled thyristor bridge with fuse RC circuit gate circuitand decoupling reactors are provided with conduction monitoring unit to indicate withthe help of LEDs the non conduction of any thyristor in the bridge.
As the residual voltage of the generator usually very low, voltage build up circuit isnecessary to built up the generator voltage to a level so as the electronic power supplies function. Voltage build (field flashing) can be done either with the help of station battery supply through a dropping resistor and blocking diode stack or stationauxiliary supply through a step down transformer and a diode bridge. At 30% of ratedgenerator voltage pulses through the thyristor in the main circuit are released and theytake over the build process at about 40% of rated generator voltage. for checkinghealthiness of the main circuit, the field flashing is kept in circuit upto 70 % of therated generator voltage after which the field flashing circuit is automaticallydisconnected
Division Of Electrical Engineering, SOE, CUSAT 
In the power house there are two 11 KV external supplies available. These feeders areterminated in the 4 pole structure located by the side of the power house. One of the11KV feeders is kept as external stand by supply which is stable and higher involtage. This 11KV supply is step down by a 1MVA transformer and the transformer family is controlled by a 11KV outdoor type vacuum circuit breaker. In addition tothis external LT supply, a 250KVA diesel engine driven power plant is available. TheLT power supply from the diesel power plant is also brought to the LT min switchgear panel through LT breakers normally when the machines are in service. The LTsupply is from any of the unit auxiliary. If one supply is not available start the dieselsupply and avail the supply.
Division Of Electrical Engineering, SOE, CUSAT 

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