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Classical Greece

Classical Greece

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Published by: Carolina Morales de Herrera on Mar 07, 2012
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NameDate
ClassicalGreece
GreekcivilizationwasverydifferentfromthecivilizationsthatgrewupintherivervalleysofEgyptandMesopotamia..Foronething,Greecehadverylittlegoodfarmland.Yet,inoneway,GreecewasverymuchlikeancientEgypt.LifeinEgyptdependedontheNileRiver.LifeinancientGreecealscdependedonabodyofwater-thesea.
,_..Lookatthemaponpage55.Nametheseasthe
Gre~ks
wouldhavedependedon.
LifeinancientGreececenteredontheAegeanSea.Lookatthemapagain.YoucanseethattheAegeanSeaisneartheeasternendoftheMediterraneanSea.Greeceissurroundedbyseaonthreesides.TheancientGreeksdependedontheseaforfood.Andseatravelwaseasierthantryingtocrosstallmountainsandplateaus.Inthischapter,youwillreadhowimportanttheseawastoancientGreekcivilization.
The
AcropolisinancientAthens
©
HarcourtAchieveInc.Allrightsreserved.
54
Unit3,Chapter8CoreSkillsSocialStudies6,SV
97814190390sa
 
NameDate
ACivilizationShaped
by
theSea
GreekfarmerscouldnotgrowenoughfoodtofeedeveryoneinGreece.SotheGreeksneededtofindotherresourcestomeettheirneeds.Theybecamesailorsandtraders.Theybuiltspecialships.Strongrowersandlargesailsmadetheseshipstravelfast.Overtime,GreekshipscouldtravelallovertheAegeanandMediterraneanSeas.TheycarriedresourcesfromotherplacesbacktoGreece.Greektradersandtheirshipssoonbecameaneverydaysight
in
EgyptandMesopotamia.TheGreeksbroughtwiththemgrapes,wine,olives,wool,andpottery.TheGreeksusedthesegoodstotradewithpeople
in
otherplaces.InMesopotamiaandEgypt,theGreekstradedformeat,lumber,andvegetables.Whentheirshipswerefull,theGreekssailedforhome.ButtheGreeksreceivedmorethanfoodfromtheirneighbors.Theylearnedhow
to
makebettertoolsandhowtobuildfasterships.Afterall,whenGreekcivilizationwasjustbeginning3,000yearsago,theEgyptiancivilizationwasalready2,000yearsold.SoontheGreeksbecamericherandstronger.Theysetup
colonies
aroundtheAegeanworld.Acolonyisanareaoflandcontrolledbyanothercountryorparentstate.
~Lookatthemapbelow.Circletheareasthatwerecontrolled
by
Greecealmost2,500yearsago.
.
.
..
.
....
..
.
.
~
'
.
.'.
.
.
.
.
:
.•.
:
.....
~
.
~
.
:.~
'
..
o
c~
Cities
CJ
PersianEmpire
MediterraneanSea
www.harcourtschoolsupply.com©HarcourtAchieveInc.Allrightsreserved.
55
Unit3,Chapter8CoreSkillsSocialStudies6,SV9781419039058
 
NameDate
BeginningoftheCity-States
TheancientGreeksbuiltacivilizationverydifferentfromthecivilizationofEgypt.ThepharaohruledoverallthecitiesinEgypt.TheancientGreeksbuiltcity-states.Eachcity-statewasindependentandhaditsownrtrler,TheGreeksbuiltcity-statesallovertheAegean.Twocity-states,however,soonbecamericherandmorepowerfulthantherest.Thesecity-stateswerecalledSpartaandAthens.
Sparta
SpartawaslocatedinsouthernGreece.TheSpartanshadthebestarmyinGreece.Theydidnotbecomerichbytrading,butbyconqueringothercity-states.ThepeopletheyconqueredbecameslavesinSparta.LifeinSpartawascontrolledbythearmy.Childrenwere
J
raisedtobestrongandusefultothecity-state.Attheageofaboutseven,boysweretakenawayfromtheirparents.Theywereraisedinspecialcamps.Theretheylearnedtouseweapons.Theylearnedtofolloworders.Everythingwasdonetoturntheboysintostrongsoldiers.Spartangirlswerealsotrainedtodefendthecity-state.Theyplayedsportsandgrewstrong.Whentheygrewup,theyranfarmsandbusinesseswhiletheirhusbandswenttowar.
>-
Unlikeothercitiesandcountries,Spartadidnothaveawallarounditscity.ApersonwholivedinSpartaoncesaid,"EverySpartanisabrickinthewallaround'Sparta.
II
Whatdoyouthinkthispersonmeant?
Athens
SpartamayhavebeenthestrongestGreekcity-state.ButAthenswaslargerandricher.
It
waslocatedontheAegeanSea.ShipssailedinandoutofAthenseveryday.TradersbroughtnewsfromallovertheworldtotheAthenians,orthepeopleofAthens.Asaresult,newideaswerealwayswelcomeinthecity.TheAthenianstrainedtheirchildrentobegoodstudents,athletes,and
citizens.
Acitizenisapersonwhoisamemberofacountry,eitherbybirthorbychoice.
©
HarcourtAchieveInc.Allrightsreserved.
56
Unit3,Chapter8CoreSkillsSocialStudies6,SV9781419039058

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