Al-Bukhari recorded that Al-Bara' said,"The last
to be revealed was,
ِ ُُِْْ ُا ُِ ََََُْْ
(They ask you for a legal verdict. Say: "Allah directs(thus) about Al-Kalalah.''
, while the last
to be revealed was
.''The Basmalah was not mentioned in the beginning of this
because the Companions did not write it in the completecopy of the Qur'an (
) they collected, following theCommander of the faithful, Uthman bin Affan, may Allah bepleased with him.The first part of this honorable
was revealed to theMessenger of Allah when he returned from the battle of Tabuk,during the
season, which the Prophet thought aboutattending. But he remembered that the idolators would stillattend that
, as was usual in past years, and that theyperform
around the House while naked. He disliked toassociate with them and sent Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, may Allah bepleased with him, to lead
that year and show the peopletheir rituals, commanding him to inform the idolators that theywould not be allowed to participate in
after that season. Hecommanded him to proclaim,
ُِﺱَرَو ِّا َ ٌةءاََ
(Freedom from(all) obligations (is declared) from Allah and His Messenger...),to the people.When Abu Bakr had left, the Messenger sent Ali bin Abu Talib tobe the one to deliver this news to the idolators on behalf of theMessenger, for he was the Messenger's cousin. We will mentionthis story later.
Publicizing the Disavowal of the Idolators
َُِِرَو ِّا َ ٌةءاََ ...
Freedom from obligations from Allah and His Messenger,is a declaration of freedom from all obligationsfrom Allah and His Messenger,
...َِآُِْْا َ َهَ َِا َِإ