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Sistemas Gestores de Bases de Datos

Sistemas Gestores de Bases de Datos

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Published by: cfgmesi9097 on Nov 26, 2008
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
Profesor: Rafael Lozano Luján
 
I
NTRODUCCIÓN A LOS
S
ISTEMAS DE
I
NFORMACIÓN Y A LAS
B
ASES DE
D
ATOS
.7
 
Concepto de Información.................................................................................................7
 
Sistema de Información....................................................................................................7
 

 

 
Aplicación de las TIC a los SI.........................................................................................10
 
De los sistemas tradicionales de ficheros a las bases de datos....................................11
 
Introducción a las Bases de Datos.................................................................................11
 
Ventajas e inconvenientes de las Bases de Datos frete a los ficheros clásicos............12
 
Características de las Bases de Datos..........................................................................13
 
Visiones de los datos en las bases de datos.................................................................15
 
Bases de datos y Sistemas de Gestión de bases de datos...........................................17
 
Principales funciones de un SGBD................................................................................18
 
!"!#!$
 
!#! $
 
!%$
 
Componentes de un SGBD............................................................................................19
 
R
EPRESENTACIÓN DE PROBLEMAS DEL MUNDO REAL
.
 
L
OS
M
ODELOS DE
D
ATOS
........................................................................................................................22
 
Los problemas del mundo real.......................................................................................22
 
&'!(
 
#!#'(
 
)#'*
 
Los Modelos de Datos....................................................................................................26
 
'+
 
&+
 
&,' -
 
E
L
M
ODELO
E
NTIDAD
-
 
I
NTERRELACIÓN
.......................................................30
 
Introducción....................................................................................................................30
 
Estática del Modelo Entidad Interrelación...................................................................30
 
($
 
!($
 
(*
 
Semántica de las interrelaciones....................................................................................34
 
%#(*
 
#./"!(0
 
Generalización y Herencia.............................................................................................36
 
&12(
 
Interrelaciones Exclusivas..............................................................................................39
 
Representación de las Restricciones en el ME-R..........................................................40
 
Dinámica del Modelo Entidad – Interrelación.................................................................40
 
E
L
M
ODELO
R
ELACIONAL
..............................................................................41
 
Estructura del Modelo Relacional...................................................................................42
 
/)'*(
 
"!"!**
 
%!*0
 
%3 *0
 
Restricciones..................................................................................................................46
 
4*
 
*
 
Los valores nulos en el modelo relacional.....................................................................48
 
%#3*
 
Normalización de Relaciones.........................................................................................49
 
#"0$
 
5!0(
 
Las 12 reglas de Codd para los sistemas relacionales..................................................58
 
 
(
T
RADUCCIÓN DEL
M
ODELO
E
NTIDAD
-
 
I
NTERRELACIÓN AL
M
ODELO
R
ELACIONAL
..............................................................................................................60
 
Preparación de los esquemas conceptuales..................................................................60
 
!'6#
 
!'#$
 
Transformación de los esquemas conceptuales............................................................62
 
7"!# 
 
7"!#!(
 
7"!#!4
 
7"!#!448
 
7"#9
 
7"!#!".3-
 
Eliminación de las relaciones jerárquicas......................................................................70
 
Álgebra Relacional.........................................................................................................78
 
:##3
 
:#3*
 
:#30
 
:#3
 
SQL................................................................................................................88
 
Lenguaje estructurado de consultas SQL......................................................................88
 
;
 
<&1
 
Tipos de datos (ORACLE)..............................................................................................89
 
Tipos de datos (MySQL).................................................................................................91
 
Operadores SQL............................................................................................................92
 
:#=-
 
:#!-
 
:#!-(
 
&3>?@&&-(
 
Consultas simples..........................................................................................................94
 
&&%7-*
 
%-0
 
%-0
 
!ABC-
 
#-
 
!"%D;-8
 
7#!AEFGHFGFGEFHFHEC -8
 
7>7D? -
 
7#1A?C-
 
7##!&I--
 
73A?@&&C--
 
:!%:J $
 
Consultas sumarias......................................................................................................100
 
%A@+C$$
 
%#A)KC$$
 
!3.$$
 
%3A%:@?7C$
 
K?@&&/"$
 
!"#A7?%7C $(
 
Consultas agrupadas....................................................................................................103
 
%'62#%;)K?$0
 
Subconsultas................................................................................................................106
 
7#!'AEFGHFGFGEFHFHEC$-
 
7#1A?C$-
 
7.AL7C$$
 
7"A)?J/)&&C $$
 
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';)K?$$
 

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