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9th Computer Short Questions

9th Computer Short Questions

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Published by Asif Rasheed

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Published by: Asif Rasheed on Mar 08, 2012
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Computer Short Questions 9
th
Class
Chapter: 1Introduction to Computers
Q.1. What is Computer?Ans.
Computer is an electronic device that processes data and converts it intoinformation and gives us results accordingly.
Q.2. What is an ABACUS?Ans.
 Abacus, a wooden frame of wires and beads, was made by Chinese about 2000years ago for simple addition.
Q.3. What is Napier’s Bones?Ans.
John Napier created a device using rods to perform arithmetic calculations that iscalled Napier’s Bones.
Q.4. What do you know about Pascaline Calculator?Ans.
Pascal invented a machine that had a system of gears. Numbers could be enteredand cumulative sums obtained by cranking a handle.
Q.5. Who made the Difference Engine?Ans.
Charles Babbage designed an automatic mechanical calculating machine that hecalled a difference engine.
Q.6. What is Analytical Engine?Ans.
Charles Babbage constructed a general purpose, fully program-controlled,automatic mechanical digital computer that is called analytical engine.
Q.7. What is the use of Punched Cards and who made it?Ans.
In 1890, Herman Hollerith developed the first electro-mechanical punched cardtabulator that could read information that had been punched into cards.
Q.8. Who made ENIAC?Ans.
In 1942, P.Eckert, John W. Mauchly decided to build a high-speed electroniccomputer that is known as ENIAC.
Q.9. What is the modern idea of Stored-program and who proposed it?Ans.
John Von Neumann gave the modern idea of stored-program and according to him“Data and program can be stored in the same memory. Thus the machine canitself alter either its program or internal data”.
Q.10. Write the Technologies and Computers of Computer Generations.Ans.GenerationTechnologyComputers
G-1Vacuum TubesENIAC & UNIVAC-IG-2TransistorsIBM7094,1400 SeriesG-3Integrated Circuits UNIVAC 9000,IBM 370G-4 MicroprocessorApple Macintosh, IBM PCG-5Artificial Intelligence 
Q.11. Name the first Digital Computer?Ans.
In early 1940s, Aiken built the first general-purpose digital computer called Mark-I.
Q.12. What is a Terminal?
Asif Rasheed BS(HONS) Physics # 03447846394
 
Computer Short Questions 9
th
Class
Ans.
 A terminal is a monitor and a keyboard connected to a mainframe computer tobuild a network.
Q.13. What is meant by a Virtual Classroom?Ans.
In a virtual classroom, the teacher deliver lecture at its own workplace while thestudents, connected to a network, may listen to him at their homes. They may putquestions and answers are sent to them via email.
Q.14. Define Universal Production Code.Ans.
The sequence of lines that is read by a “
Bar Code Reader 
”. The price of the item isstored in this code and these are automatically added to the bill.
Q.15. Define Computer Simulation.Ans.
Computer Simulation is the use of computer to represent the dynamic responsesof system by the change in behaviors of another system modeled after it.
Q.16. What is a Computer Program?Ans.
The set of instructions to solve any kind of problem is called computer program.
Q.17. Define Low Level Languages.Ans.
These languages are quite close to the processor but not even understandable for human being e.g. machine language, assembly language.
Q.18. Define High Level Languages.Ans.
These languages are quite close the human languages like English language andfar from machine language e.g. FORTRAN, BASIC, C/C++, VB.
Q.19. What is an Assembler?Ans.
 Assembler is a program that translates an assembly language program intomachine code.
Q.20. What is a Compiler?Ans.
Compiler is a program that translates a program written in high-level language intomachine code. It reads the whole program before executing.
 ABBREVIATIONS 
ENIAC
 
Electronical Numerical Integrator and Calculator 
UNIVAC
Universal Automatic Computer 
IBM
International Business Machine
IC
Integrated Circuit
LSIC
Large Scale Integrated Circuit
VLSIC
Very Large Scale Integrated Circuit
AI
Artificial Intelligence
PC
Personal Computer 
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
ATMs
Automatic Transaction Machines
UPC
Universal Production Code
Opcode
Operation Code
FORTRAN
Formula Translation
BASIC
Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
COBOL
Common Business Oriented Language
LISP
List Processing) Language
VB
Visual BasicAsif Rasheed BS(HONS) Physics # 03447846394
 
Computer Short Questions 9
th
Class
PDA
Personal Data Assistants
Chapter: 2 Computer Components
Q.1. What is a Program?Ans.
The sequence of instructions given to computer for manipulating data is known asa program.
Q.2. Define Electronic Data Processing.Ans.
The process of performing arithmetic and logic operations with the help of computer is known as electronic data processing.
Q.3. What is meant by Computer Hardware?Ans.
The physical parts of the computer that you can touch and feel are known ascomputer hardware.
Q.4. What is meant by Computer Software?Ans.
The organized collections of computer data and instructions are called computer software.
Q.5. What is Input Unit of computer?Ans.
Input unit consists of input devices with which we send data to the centralprocessing unit e.g. keyboard, mouse, scanner etc.
Q.6. What is Output Unit of computer?Ans.
Output unit consists of output devices with which we get results e.g. monitor,printer etc.
Q.7. What is System Unit of computer?Ans.
System unit consists of motherboard, microprocessor and the peripherals attachedto it.
Q.8. Define System Software.Ans.
The programs that are responsible for controlling and managing the actualoperations of the computer hardware are called system software e.g. operatingsystem.
Q.9. Define Application Software.Ans.
The programs that are used to accomplish tasks specified by the user are calledapplication software e.g. word processing, spreadsheet etc.
Q.10. Define the working of CPU.Ans.
CPU is called the brain of the computer and the primary work of CPU is to convertdata from input, process the data and giving results accordingly.
Q.11. Define the working of ALU.Ans.
 ALU is the combination of Arithmetic and Logic unit and it performs all themathematical and logical operations.
Q.12. Define the working of CU.Ans.
CU consists of circuitry that generates signals to direct the entire computer systemto execute the programs and controls the flow of information through theprocessor.
Asif Rasheed BS(HONS) Physics # 03447846394

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