is a city in the U.S. state ofMichigan and the county seat of WashtenawCounty. It is the state’s seventh largest city witha population of 114,024 as of the 2000 Census,of which 36,892 (32%) are university or collegestudents. The city, which is part of the Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI CSA, is named after thespouses of the city’s founders and for the standsof trees in the area.
was founded in January 1824by John Allen and Elisha Rumsey, both ofwhom were land speculators. On May 25,1824, the town plot was registered with WayneCounty as “Annarbour”. The city becamethe seat of Washtenaw County in 1827, andwas incorporated as a village in 1833. Thetown became a regional transportation hub in1839 with the arrival of the Michigan CentralRailroad, and was chartered as a city in 1851.During the 1960s and 1970s, the city gaineda reputation as a center for liberal politics.During the 20th century, the economy ofAnn Arbor underwent a gradual shift from amanufacturing base to a service and technologybase, which accelerated in the 1970s and 1980s.
is home to the University ofMichigan, established in 1837. As the dominantinstitution of higher learning in the city and oneof the top public universities in the world, theuniversity provides Ann Arbor with a distinctcollege-town atmosphere. The university
shapes Ann Arbor’s economy signifcantly as it
employs about 30,000 workers, including about7,500 in the medical center. The city’s economyis also centered on high-technology, withseveral companies drawn to the area by theuniversity’s research and development money,and by its graduates. On the other hand, AnnArbor has increasingly found itself grapplingwith the effects of sharply rising land values
and gentrifcation, as well as urban sprawl
stretching far into the outlying countryside.
cultural attractions andevents are sponsored by the Universityof Michigan. Several performing artsgroups and facilities are on the university’scampus, as are museums dedicated toart, archaeology, and natural history andsciences (see Museums at the University ofMichigan). Regional and local performingarts groups not associated with theuniversity include the Ann Arbor CivicTheatre; the Arbor Opera Theater; theAnn Arbor Symphony Orchestra; the AnnArbor Ballet Theater; the Ann Arbor CivicBallet (established in 1954 as Michigan’s
frst chartered ballet company); and
Performance Network, which operates adowntown theater frequently offering newor nontraditional plays.
Hands-On Museum, locatedin a renovated and expanded historic
downtown fre station, contains more than
250 interactive exhibits featuring scienceand technology. Multiple art galleries existin the city, notably in the downtown areaand around the University of Michigancampus. Aside from a large restaurant scenein the Main Street, South State Street, andSouth University Avenue areas, Ann Arbor
ranks frst among U.S. cities in the number
of booksellers and books sold per capita.The Ann Arbor District Library maintainsfour branch outlets in addition to its maindowntown building; in 2008 a new branchbuilding replaced the branch located in