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Analysis on Philippine Poetry, Short stories and Dramas

Analysis on Philippine Poetry, Short stories and Dramas

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Published by sbugia

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Published by: sbugia on Mar 09, 2012
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Submitted by:
Bugia, Selina Venise D.MT11122
Development of Philippine Poetry in English
In 1898, the U.S. president William McKinley (1843-1901) announced that it wasthe United States' moral duty to take possession of the Philippine Islands because theFilipinos had to be civilized, educated, and Christianized. After U.S. soldiers "pacified"the native population during the Philippine-American War (1899-1902), thousandsof U.S. teachers were sent throughout the archipelago to teach the Filipinos the Englishlanguage. In just a few years, English became the privileged form of expressionfor poets, prose writers, and dramatists. The earliest Filipino poems written in Englishwere published in 1905 in Berkeley, California, in The Filipino Students' Magazine,which was edited by pensionados (Philippine-American government scholars). The firstbook of poetry written in English, Azucena (1925) by Marcelo De Gracia Concepcion(1895-1954), was published in the United States by G. P. Putnam's Sons. The mostinfluential Filipino poet, Jose Garcia Villa (1908±1997), lived most of his adult life in NewYork City. His books are Have Come, Am Here (Viking Press, 1942), Volume Two (NewDirections, 1949), and Selected Poems and New (McDowell, Obolensky, 1958). Anotherearly immigrant Filipino poet was Carlos Bulosan (1911±1956), who published politicalpoems in American magazines like The New Yorker, Poetry (edited by Harriet Monroe)and Saturday Evening Post.In Manila in 1940, the Commonwealth Literary Prize in English poetry was given toRafael Zulueta Da Costa (1915-1990) for Like the Molave and Other Poems.Native themes were well represented by such local poets.
The Rural Maid
By Fernando M. MaramagThe poem is about a man who has been in love with a fair maid. He fell in lovewith her the first time they met. Their eyes glanced at each other and he was smitten byher charm. But despite of his endearment to her,
her heart doesn’t belong to him
- thisleft some pain in his heart.
The poem revolves in a hopeless dreamer’s passion for a girl
he could, and never would, own. They parted and never crossed paths again. But thememory of the maid kept hunting him even if he is sleeping. In his every dream, theimage of the rural maid is always there. Thinking about her became his past time eversince. He always thinks about the moment their lips met for a sweet and warm kiss. Heexpresses his love, though it is only a one-sided love affair.The reader can feel his sacrifice, a potion of which hope and eternal damnationmix. But even this love is hurting him, just like how the thorns from a rose hurt the skin;he will still continue sacrificing. He says that if he could only hold her in his arms,heaven and earth would be his. It is his only happiness, his only desire
to love therural maid he knew will never love him in the end.

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