Use Naegele's rule to calculate baby's due date: 9 months + 7 days after the first day of your last NORMAL menstrual periodThe 'average' weight gain of around 12 to14 kg can be physicallyattributed to: baby = 3 to 4 kg placenta = 0.5 kgamniotic fluid = 1 kguterus = 1 kg blood volume = 1.5 kg breasts = 0.5 kgFat stores for breastfeeding = 3.5 kgFluid retention = 1.5 kgThe 4 or 5 digit system is used to notate a woman's pregnancies:TPAL (4) or GTPAL (5)G: gravity, pregnancyT: term births, born after week 38 to 42P: preterm births, born between 20-37 weeksA: abortions, miscarriage or elective terminationL: living children
Common Indicators for Problems
Your entire system is readjusted when you're pregnant. The heart pumps more blood and the lungs work more efficiently, as does the digestivesystem. With these and more changes occurring, it is no wonder that pregnancy can be uncomfortable. Minor aches and pains can be dealt with;however, you should never ignore pain or extreme fatigue, which can be warning signs of trouble. Always consult your health care provider if youexperience any of these changes:Pain or burning during urinationVaginal spotting or bleeding; Leaking or gushing from vagina; Blister or sore in vaginal areaUterine contractionsSevere nausea or vomiting; Severe abdominal painChills and fever over 100 degreesDizziness or lightheadedness; Severe headacheSwelling of the face, eyes, fingers or toesSudden weight gainVisual problems Noticeably reduced fetal movementAbsence of fetal movement for 24 hoursA hot, reddened painful area behind your knee or calf And just when you think you can't take it another day, the biggest changes of all: labor and delivery!