in 2001, while Japan took the leap directly from 2G to 3G. One such technologyis 2.5G GPRS (General Packet Radio System), based on packet transmission andchannels are shared among different users in a dynamic way. GPRS coexists witthe infrastructure deployed in it, but offering the user a more efficient service carcommunications, especially in the case of access to IP networks like the Internet.theoretical speed that can reach GPRS is 171.2 kbit / s (about 18 times higher thspeed experienced by the user in practice is influenced by various factors and cankbit / s in the downlink and 9.6 kbit / s on the rise. The main advantages are GPaddition to a higher speed transmission, connection and charging for traffic, makiWAP services, Internet access (Web browsing, FTP, e - mail) and access to enterother hand, HSCSD (High Speed Circuit Switched Data) is a specification of the Gstandardized by ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) in Febrfrom 1999. With this technology, the number of channels used in GSM equivalendata communication is variable, allowing transmission speeds of up to 57.6 kbit /HSCSD is that investment to be implemented is minimal, although it has a disadvusers, paid for by the use of each channel. Finally, technology EDGE (EnhancedEvolution) is another of the development of GSM networks, theoretically allowingkbit / s. This is a technology that improves the bandwidth of data transmission ibe regarded as a precursor to UMTS. In fact, EDGE and UMTS are complementartogether may give support to the needs of the operators to achieve global coverageneration networks.
3G technologies are contained within the IMT-2000 (International MobileTelecommunications-2000) of the ITU, which can be regarded as the guide tomark the common points that must be met to achieve the goal of globalroaming, ie that a 3G terminal user can communicate with any 3G network inthe world. The services offered by 3G technologies are basically: Internetaccess, broadband services, international roaming and interoperability. Butfundamentally, these systems allow the development of multimediaenvironments for the transmission of video and images in real time,encouraging the emergence of new applications and services such asvideoconferencing or electronic commerce. Precisely UMTS (Universal MobileTelecommunications System) is one of the members of this family of IMT-2000standard. Among the attributes of UMTS can be highlighted: virtualconnectivity to the network all the time, different forms of pricing, asymmetric badown, setting the quality of service (QoS), integration of technology and standarnetworks, customized services environment, and many others. In terms of dataof 3G technologies, you can set different work environments, even up to 2 Mbit /operation, such as the environment inside an office. This capability is far superiotechnologies, enabling the development of multimedia genuine.
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