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State Implementation Plan for Regional Haze

State Implementation Plan for Regional Haze

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Colorado Visibility and Regional Haze State Implementation Plan for 12 Mandatory Class I Federal Areas Colorado Dept. of Public Health and Environment, Air Pollution Control Division Approved January 7, 2011
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Colorado Visibility and Regional Haze State Implementation Plan for the Twelve Mandatory Class I Federal Areas in Colorado Colorado Air Pollution Control Division 
Revised Regional Haze Plan Air Quality Control Commission, approved 01/07/2011
 
Colorado Visibility and Regional Haze State Implementation Plan for 12 Mandatory Class I Federal Areas Colorado Dept. of Public Health and Environment, Air Pollution Control Division Approved January 7, 2011
2
Table of Contents
Preface/Disclaimer ........................................................................................................ 4
 
Chapter 1
 
Overview .................................................................................................. 5
 
1.1
 
Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 5
 
1.2
 
Visibility Impairment ........................................................................................................................ 7
 
1.3
 
Description of Colorad
o‟s Class I Areas
......................................................................................... 7
 
1.4 Programs to Address Visibility Impairment ..................................................................................... 8
 
1.5
 
Reasonable Progress Towards the 2064 Visibility Goals............................................................... 9
 
2.1 Consultation with Federal Land Managers (FLM) ........................................................................ 10
 
2.2 Collaboration with Tribes .............................................................................................................. 13
 
2.3
 
Consultation with Other States ..................................................................................................... 13
 
2.4
 
General Consultation .................................................................................................................... 14
 
Chapter 3
 
Monitoring Strategy............................................................................... 15
 
3.1
 
RAVI Monitoring Strategy in Current Colorado LTS ..................................................................... 15
 
3.2
 
Regional Haze Visibility Impairment Monitoring Strategy............................................................. 16
 
3.3
 
Associated Monitoring Strategy Requirements ............................................................................ 17
 
3.4
 
Overview of the IMPROVE Monitoring Network ........................................................................... 18
 
3.5 Commitment for Future Monitoring ............................................................................................... 20
 
Chapter 4
 
Baseline and Natural Visibility Conditions in Colorado, and UniformProgress for Each Class I Area .................................................................................. 22
 
4.1
 
The Deciview ................................................................................................................................ 22
 
4.2
 
Baseline and Current Visibility Conditions .................................................................................... 22
 
4.3
 
Monitoring Data ............................................................................................................................ 23
 
4.4
 
Natural Visibility Conditions .......................................................................................................... 25
 
4.5
 
Uniform Progress .......................................................................................................................... 25
 
Chapter 5
 
Sources of Impairment in Colorado ..................................................... 28
 
5.1
 
Natural Sources of Visibility Impairment ....................................................................................... 28
 
5.2
 
Anthropogenic Sources of Visibility Impairment ........................................................................... 28
 
5.3
 
Overview of Emission Inventory System -TSS ............................................................................. 29
 
5.4
 
Emissions in Colorado .................................................................................................................. 29
 
Chapter 6
 
Best Available Retrofit Technology ..................................................... 39
 
6.1
 
Introduction ................................................................................................................................... 39
 
6.2
 
Overview of Colorado‟s BART Regulation
................................................................................... 39
 
6.3
 
Summary of Colorado‟s BART Determinations
............................................................................ 40
 
6.4
 
Overview of Colorado‟s BART Determinations
............................................................................ 45
 
Chapter 7
 
Visibility Modeling and Apportionment ............................................. 102
 
7.1
 
Overview of the Community Multi-Scale Air Quality (CMAQ) Model .......................................... 102
 
7.2
 
CMAQ Modeling Results for 2018 .............................................................................................. 102
 
7.3
 
Overview of Particulate Matter Source Apportionment Technology (PSAT) Modeling .............. 103
 
7.4
 
PSAT Modeling Results for 2018 ............................................................................................... 104
 
Chapter 8
 
Reasonable Progress .......................................................................... 106
 
8.1
 
Overview of Reasonable Progress Requirements ..................................................................... 106
 
8.2
 
Visibility Impairing Pollutants Subject to Evaluation ................................................................... 106
 
8.3
 
Evaluation of Smaller Point and Area Sources of NOx for Reasonable Progress .................... 109
 
8.4
 
Determination of Point Sources Subject to Reasonable Progress Evaluation ........................... 112
 
8.5
 
Evaluation of Point Sources for Reasonable Progress .............................................................. 116
 
Chapter 9
 
Long Term Strategy............................................................................. 147
 
9.1
 
LTS Requirements ...................................................................................................................... 147
 
9.2
 
2004 RAVI Long-Term Strategy ................................................................................................. 148
 
9.3
 
Review of the 2004 RAVI LTS and Revisions ............................................................................ 151
 
9.4
 
Regional Haze Long Term Strategy ........................................................................................... 151
 
9.5
 
Reasonable Progress Goals ....................................................................................................... 165
 
 
Colorado Visibility and Regional Haze State Implementation Plan for 12 Mandatory Class I Federal Areas Colorado Dept. of Public Health and Environment, Air Pollution Control Division Approved January 7, 2011
3
Chapter 10
 
Commitment to Consultation, Progress Reports, PeriodicEvaluations of Plan Adequacy, and Future SIP Revisions .................................... 170
 
10.1
 
Future Consultation Commitments ......................................................................................... 170
 
10.2
 
Commitment to Progress Reports........................................................................................... 171
 
10.3
 
Determination of Current Plan Adequacy ............................................................................... 172
 
10.4
 
Commitment to Comprehensive SIP Revisions ..................................................................... 173
 
Chapter 11
 
Resource and Reference Documents .............................................. 175
 
List of Appendices
 –
................................................................................................. 176
 
Appendix A
 –
Periodic Review of Colorado RAVI Long Term Strategy ................................................ 176
 
Appendix B
 –
SIP Revision for RAVI Long Term Strategy .................................................................... 176
 
Appendix C
 –
Technical Support for the BART Determinations............................................................ 176
 
Appendix D
 –
Technical Support for the Reasonable Progress Determinations .................................. 176
 

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