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POLUAREA aerului

POLUAREA aerului

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Published by vlad1993

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Published by: vlad1993 on Nov 28, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/03/2013

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Animalele si oamenii inspira oxygen din aer si elimina dioxid decarbon. Plantele verzi iau dioxid de carbon in procesul numit fotosinteza,eliminand oxigen. Existenta fiecarei plante, animal si om depinde de acestcircuit.Echilibrul natural al gazelor atmosferice este amenintat acum deactivitatea oamenilor. Cresterea productiei de energie, industria chimica,metalurgica, de ciment, circulatia rutiera si aeriana, arderea gunoaieloretc. sunt cause care lun atmosfera in pericol. Aceste pericole sunt: efectulde sera(incalzirea globala), poluarea aerului, subtierea stratului de ozonsi ploile acide.In ultimii 200 de ani industria a dereglat echilibrul atmospferic.Arderea carbunelui si a gazului metan a dus la formarea unor cantitatienorme de dioxid de carbon si a altor gaze, mai ales dupa aparitiaautomobilului. Dezvoltarea agriculturii a determinat, acumularea unorcantitati mari de substante chimice otravitoare in atmosfera.Gazele deja existente in atmosferatrebuie sa retina caldura produsa derazele solare. Fara aceasta Pamantul ar fiatat de rece, incat ar ingheta oceanele siar muri toate vietuitoarele. Insa atuncicand din cauza poluarii, creste proportiagazelor numite ,,gaze de spera”, atuncieste retinuta prea multa caldura si intrgpamantul devine mai cald.,,Gazelle desfera” deregleaza echilibrul atmospheric:Retin razele inflarosii si le reflecta sprePamant. In consecinta, creste temperaturemedie globala.Poluarea aerului este adesea vizibilasub forma de fum si gaze. Fumul este unamestec de gaze si chimicale si poatedeveni mai toxic sub actiunea soareluiputernic. Smogul ce rezulta are un miros

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