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Research Rizal (Chapter 20 to 24)

Research Rizal (Chapter 20 to 24)

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Published by Mhond Ledesma

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Published by: Mhond Ledesma on Mar 11, 2012
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Farewell to Europe: Oct 31, 1891 (2 weeks after Fili‟s publication), left Ghent for Paris, bade
farewell to friends (Lunas, Taveras, Venturas), to Marseilles and boarded steamer Melbourne forHongkong (HK) on Oct 18 bringing recommendation letter by Juan Luna for Manuel Camuswith 600 copies of Fili; befriended many passengers who were mostly missionaries for China
including Fr. Fuchs whom he described as “A Father Damaso without pride and malice” (let
ter toBlumentritt)Rizal and the German Ladies: conversed with them in perfect German and they treated him withrespect and admiration despite his brown skinArrived in HK: Nov 20, 1891, welcomed by Jose Ma. Basa and other friends, opened his medicalcl
inic; Manuel Hidalgo: “if the Queen Regent will not listen, we will write to Queen Victoria of England appealing for protection in the name of humanity”
 Family Reunion in HK: before Christmas of 1891, parents, sisters, bro and brothers-in-lawarrived; happiest yuletide celebration in his life; very much pleased with the English governmentOphthalmic Surgeon in HK: made a living for himself and his family as an ophthalmologist;Portuguese Dr. Lorenzo P. Marques helped him build a wide clientele; successfully operated on
his Mom‟s left eye making her read and write again; Dr. Ariston Bautista Lin congratulated him
from Paris and gave him a book on Diagnostic Pathology by Dr. H. Virchow; Dr. AntonioVergel de Dios offered to buy books and equipments for him; Dr. Geminiano de Ocampo says
“Rizal had all the qualities that would make him an ideal ophthalmic surgeon”
 Borneo Colonization Project: planned to move the landless Filipino families to the rich British-owned island; went to Sandakan, Borneo on March 7, 1892 on board Menon to negotiate withthe British authorities who in turn were willing to give the Filipino colonists 100,000 acres of land, a beautiful harbor, and a good government for 999 years, free of all charges; friends inEurope endorsed his Borneo
colonization project; Lopez Jaena (May 26, 1892): “I have a greatdesire of joining you. I shall go there… to dedicate myself to the cultivation of sugarcane and themaking of sugar”. Brother 
law Hidalgo objected saying, “Why should we leave the
Philippines, this beautiful country of ours? Why should we go to a foreign land without firstexhausting all means for the welfare of the country which nurtured us from our cradles? Tell me
that?!”; Gov. Gen. Eulogio Despujol did not reply Rizal‟s two letters and
did not approve the
Borneo project because… “the Philippines lacked laborers”.
Writings in HK: (1) Ang Mga Karapatan Nang Tao (translation of “The Rights of Man”
proclaimed by the 1789 French Revolution); (2) A la Nacion Española; (3) Sa Mga Kababayan;(
4) Una Visita a la Victoria Gaol; (5) In French, “Colonisation du British North Borneo Par deFamilles de Iles Philippines”; (6) La Mano Roja (the Red Hand); and (7) Constitution of the Liga
Decision to Return to Manila: May 1892, in order to (1) confer with Despujol concerning Borneocolonization; (2) establish Liga Filipina; (3) prove Eduardo de Lete wrong that he abandoned the
country‟s cause; LS on April 15, 1892, he portrayed Rizal as cowardly, egoistic and
opportunistic; Rizal protested agai
nst LS editor Del Pilar; To Ponce: “it will lead many to believethat there is really a schism among us” (May 23, 1892)
Last HK Letters: relatives and friends opposed his decision to return; sister Trinidad said, “for there they will kill you”; (1) addressed to MY PARENTS, BRETHREN AND FRIENDS: “theoutcome judges things according to the consequences”… “A man ought to die for duty and his principles”… “should fate go against me… I shall die happy in the thought that my death willend all your troubles”; (2) TO THE FILIPINOS: “My career, my life, my happiness – 
all I have
sacrificed for the love of my country”: (3) To Despujol: to place himself under the protection of 
the Spanish governmentRizal Falls into Spanish Trap: Rizal was issued the government guar
antee of safety but… asecret case (on June 21, 1892) was filed in Manila “for anti
-religious and anti-patriotic
agitation”; Despujol ordered his sec. Luis Dela Torre to find out if Rizal is a naturalized German
who had the protection of a strong nation; Spanish duplicity
The battlefield is in the PhilippinesArrival in Manila with sister Lucia (widow of Herbosa): stayed at Hotel de Oriente facingBinondo Church (June 26, 1892); at 4PM, went to Malacañan Palace to seek audience with Gov.Gen. Eulogio Despujol, Conde de Caspe; agreed to pardon his father but not his entire family;visited sisters Sisa and NenengVisiting Friends in Central Luzon: June 27, in Malolos, San Fernando, Tarlac and BacolorOther Interviews with Despujol: very much opposed to Borneo colonizationFounding of the Liga Filipina (LF), Sunday, July 3, 1892: at the house of Chinese-Filipinomestizo Doroteo Ongjunco on Ylaya St., Tondo; with patriots who were mostly Mason (M):Pedro Serrano Laktaw, M & school teacher, (Panday Pira); Domingo Franco, M & tobaccoshopkeeper (Felipe Leal); Jose Ramos, M (Socorro), owner of Bazar Gran Bretaña and firstWorshipful Master of Nilad, the first Filipino Masonic Lodge*; Ambrosio Salvador, M,gobernadorcillo/ capitan municipal of Quiapo; Bonifacio Arevalo, M (Harem); Moises Salvador,M, (Araw);Luis Villareal, tailor & M; Faustino Villareal (Ilaw), pharmacist & M; MarianoCrisostomo, landlord; Numeriano Adriano (Ipil); notary public & M; Estanislao Legaspi, artisan& M; Teodoro Plata, court clerk & M; Andres Bonifacio, warehouse employee; ApolinarioMabini (Katabay), lawyer & M; and Juan Zulueta, playwright; Rizal explained the objectives andconstitution of La Liga and was approved unanimouslyConstitution of the LF: Their objectives are to have (1) unity in the archipelago; (2) mutualprotection in every want and necessity; (3) defense; (4) encouragement of education, agriculture& commerce; and (5)
study and application of reforms; Motto: “Unus Instar Omnium” (One Like
All); supreme Council, Provincial Council & Popular Council (in every town); Duties: (1) obeyorders; (2) recruit; (3) keep strictest secrecy; (4) have a symbolic name which you cannot changetill you become president of your council; (5) report to the fiscal; (6) behave well; and (7) helpfellow members in all ways21.6. Rizal was Arrested and Jailed in Fort Santiago (Wed, July 6, 1892): during an interviewwith Despujol, the latter s
uddenly showed him some printed leaflets allegedly found in Lucia‟s
pillow cases (entitled Pobres Frailes, a satire against Dominicans written by Fr. Jacinto); placedunder arrest and was escorted by Ramon Despujol; was kept incommunicado in Ft. Santiago andcould not talk to anyone except with the officer on duty
21.7. Arbitrary Deportation to Dapitan (July 7): “for being disloyal to Spain, anti
-Catholic andimprudently anti-
friar”; 12:30AM of July 15, 1892, was brought under heavy guard to the
steamer Cebu under Captain Delgras; arrived 7PM of July 17 in Dapitan; handed over to CaptainRicardo Carnicero, Spanish commandant of Dapitan (till July 31, 1896 or 4 years & 13 days)

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