6. Are generators started under load? Explain.
Generators are always started without electrical loads; the procedure is to bringthem up to speed, adjust the voltage and then close the main switch that permits themachine to deliver current.7. Are motors started under load? Explain.
Motors may or may not have a mechanical load when they are started; as a matterof practical significance, it is quite customary for a motor to start a load that is oftenequal to or greater than the rated name-plate value.8. Is it possible to operate a dc generator as a motor and vice versa? Explain.
In fact, they may often be operated either as generators or motors with completesatisfaction if certain conditions are fulfilled. In some cases, when a dynamic orregenerative braking is employed, they operate as motors most of the time and asgenerators during the braking periods.9. Name the three general types of dc motor.
The tree general types of dc motors are: (1) series motor, (2) shunt motor and (3)compound motor.10. Indicate, in general way, how the speeds of the three types of dc motor are affectedby an increase in load.
In general, if a change from no mechanical load to full mechanical load causes thespeed to drop approximately 8 percent or less, the moor is said to be constant-speed type
shunt motor falls into this classification. Motor in which the speedchanges by greater value than indicated here are regarded as falling into thevariable-speed of classification; series and compound motor falls into this.11. What is meant by a constant-speed motor? What type of motor exhibits constant-speed characteristics?
A motor might be regarded as falling into the constant-speed class, when the
variation is as much as 10 or 12 percent. The point is that the terms “constantspeed” and the “var
speed” are relative, like “tall” and “short” and must be
applied advisedly in each particular instance.