This interesting homemade 12g shotgun is of a straightblowback design and very simple to construct.
The 12g shell is simply inserted into the barrel, with thebolt in the cocked position. When the trigger is pulledthe bolt flies forwards and the shell is fired. The triggeris perhaps of one piece with the sear built into it. Thebarrel looks like it is made from 1" pipe.
These impressive .22 pistols are homemade but I amunsure as to what tools were used to make them.