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Growth

Growth

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Published by sweetdream

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Published by: sweetdream on Nov 28, 2008
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07/26/2010

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GROWTH IN MULTICELLULARORGANISM
Growth is irreversible and permanent process.
Growth take place in an organism from zygote until adulthood & result:
 An incrase in number of cells.
 An increase in the size / body mass.
Cell differentiation & specializiation.BOTH ROOT TIP & SHOOT HAVE THREE GROWTH ZONE:
Zone of cell division.
Zone of cell elongation
Zone of cell differentation
 
 
THE PROCESS OF GROWTH IN PLANTS
Cells elongate & compact
This result of absorbing water into the cell byosmosis.
Vacuoles increase in size.
Small vacuoles fuse to form large central vac.ZONE OF ELONGATION
Cells begin to differ from each other.
Cells differentiate into permanent tissue suchas parenchyma, stoma, guard cell, phloem,xylem, mesophyly cell, cortex ,epidermis etcZONE OFDIFFERENTIATION
Increase in the number of cells by mitosis.Eg: Apical merestem (shoot & root)
The cell are small & arrange closely
The cell have large nucleus & thin cell wall
The cell have no vacuole & surrounded bycompact cytoplasm.ZONE OF DIVISION
DESCRIPTIONPHASE
 
 
PARAMETER USED IN MEASUREMENTGROWTH
1.
Length and height
Easy to carry out
No need to kill/ damage orgs
Disadvantage measures growth only one dimension2
.Volume
More accurate but Not practical
Dry mass
(mass of orgs after remove water)
An accurate measurement.
Disadvantage must kill orgs4.
Fresh mass
.( Mass of orgs without remove water)
Easy and convenient method no need to kill orgs
Inaccurate as measurement is affected by amount water in thebody.

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