The two most serious first aid problems caused by open wounds are alarge, rapid loss of blood, which may result in shock, and contaminationand infection of exposed body tissue.
Types and Causes of Open Wounds
Open wounds range from those thatbleed severely but are relatively freefrom the danger of infection to thosethat bleed little but have a greater potential for becoming infected. Oftenthe victim has more than one type of wound.
An abrasions results from scraping (abrading) the skin and therebydamaging it. Bleeding in an abrasion is usually limited to oozing of bloodfrom ruptured small veins and capillaries. However, there is a danger of contamination and infection, because of dirt and bacteria may have beenground into the broken tissues.Abrasions commonly result from falls or the handing of rough objects.Example are skinned knees, rope burns (which are actually abrasions, notburns), and shallow multiple scratches.
Incised wounds, or cuts in-body tissues are commonly caused by knives,metal edges, broken glass, or other sharp objects commonly cause incisedwounds, or cuts, in-body tissues. The degree of bleeding depends on thedepth and extent of a cut. Deep cuts may involve blood vessels and may