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Types & Causes of Open Wounds

Types & Causes of Open Wounds

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Published by mArLoN

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Published by: mArLoN on Nov 28, 2008
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07/17/2010

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Posted: 14 Feb 2008 09:48 PM CSTA
wound 
is a break in the continuity of a tissue of the body, either internalor external. Wounds are classified as open or closed. An open wound is abreak in the skin or in a mucous membrane. A closed wound involvesunderlying tissues without a break in the skin or a mucous membrane.
Causes
Wounds usually result from external physical forces. The most commoncauses of wounds are motor vehicle accidents, falls and the mishandling of sharp objects, tools, machinery, and weapons.
Effects
Any injury, unless it is very minor, may be harmful not only to the tissuesdirectly involved but also to the functions of the entire body. Wounds thatthreaten life include those that produce cassation of breathing, severebleeding shock, or damage to the brain, heart, or other vital organ.The local effects of an open or closed wound may include loss of blood,interference with blood supply, destruction of tissues, nerve injury,functional disturbances, and contamination with foreign material. Theseeffects often involve nearby uninjured tissues. Even superficial woundssometimes take a week or more to heal. The healing process includesabsorption of blood and serum that have seeped into the area, repair of injured cells, replacement of dead cells with scar tissue, and recovery of the body from functional disturbances, if there were any.
 
The two most serious first aid problems caused by open wounds are alarge, rapid loss of blood, which may result in shock, and contaminationand infection of exposed body tissue.
Types and Causes of Open Wounds
Open wounds range from those thatbleed severely but are relatively freefrom the danger of infection to thosethat bleed little but have a greatepotential for becoming infected. Oftenthe victim has more than one type of wound.
Abrasions
An abrasions results from scraping (abrading) the skin and therebydamaging it. Bleeding in an abrasion is usually limited to oozing of bloodfrom ruptured small veins and capillaries. However, there is a danger of contamination and infection, because of dirt and bacteria may have beenground into the broken tissues.Abrasions commonly result from falls or the handing of rough objects.Example are skinned knees, rope burns (which are actually abrasions, notburns), and shallow multiple scratches.
Incisions
Incised wounds, or cuts in-body tissues are commonly caused by knives,metal edges, broken glass, or other sharp objects commonly cause incisedwounds, or cuts, in-body tissues. The degree of bleeding depends on thedepth and extent of a cut. Deep cuts may involve blood vessels and may

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