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Romania

Romania

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Published by: Centro Studi Villa Montesca on Nov 28, 2008
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04/14/2014

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Report – ODL at Romania national level
Bridging Insula EuropaeEnhancing Pupils Motivation by Developing European Dimension of Learning and the Use of ICT134214-LLP-1-2007-1-IT-COMENIUS-CMPGrant Agreement 2007-3435/001-001This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
 
 
The distance learning or distance education is a way of teaching/learning practicedever since the beginning of the 20th century. Before the new information technologiesappearance and their broadcast, teachers were using printed material and the post-officeservices to send information, accomplishing this way the so called “distance education”.Any school or education institute in Romania can provide Web space to any discipline, onwhich the teachers or tutors can post or publish different didactic materials, homework forpupils and students, marks registers, the communication with the pupils and students beingaccomplished in discussions forums.Many Universities in Romania have founded distance education specializations or are goingto adopt this learning way as they have perfected the programs needed to this educationtype. So the ex National Council of Valuation and Academic Credential (CNEEA) has settledown a set of Standards regarding the use of the electronic learningprograms in the distance education, standards relating to [1]:- offered services for students;- specific learning resources;- offered services for the didactic staff;- accessibility to the services offered by the electronic education program;- the quality management of the services offered by the program;- presented documents by the institution.The CNEEA standards provide the following technical features for the sites dedicated to thedistance education specializations the page containing the external and internal users mustbe flexible and it must be easy to adjust to the educative processes dynamics;- the communication, synchronized and non, between students, teachers/tutorsand the technical- administrative staff must be assured;- the students assistance – online and offline, individual and/or by groups must beguaranteed;- there must be offered information regarding the appeal and the use of theavailable educative services;- facilities for the automatic gather of the statistical data about students and theiruse, to improve the offered services;- facilities for online help, the education middle map, the web page structure onwhich is applied the course prop or tutorial, how to use the pictograms;- accessibility to different study and communication resources: online data bases,news, correspondence, group synchronized and non, discussions, virtualseminars, virtual library;- facilities of online and/or offline valuation and self-valuation of students achieved
 
 
knowledge;- periodical gathered feedback from students on the educative services offered tothem;- detailed information regarding the past activities;- introducing some monitoring and intervention ways, in case of similar technicalproblems appears.Romania, as a member of the EU, should take into account and implement the decisions atEuropean level on eLearning. In this context, in Romania, within the general strategyreferring to ICT, the Ministry of Education and Research, by its ongoing programs, is tryingto implement the on-line assessment, as well as the e-lessons for the various subjects, bymeans of the AeL2 application. The AeL lessons are used in high schools throughoutRomania within the framework of the CES (Computerized Educational System). By meansof the CES, Romania has taken major steps in the development of didactic content inelectronic format. Other several attempts have been:
In the eLearning Action Plan, e-learning was defined as “the use of newmultimedia technologies and the Internet to improve the quality of learningby facilitating access to resources and services as well as remote exchangesand collaboration” (Commission of the European Communities, 2002, p.
Romanian educational soft developed by Siveco.made to introduce eLearning in the educational system, taking the form of several projects: „Introducing electronic textbooks in general education”; ”The implementation of a new open- source system for eLearning in higher education with the aim of accelerating Romania’sevolution to the informational society through innovative educational methods”; ”TheCreation of an experimental centre for the pedagogical training of tutors for distancelearning”; the Pyxis Project, developed between 2001 and 2003 completed with the creationof a distance learning site.

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