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Slavery

Slavery

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Published by: justin_123 on Mar 12, 2012
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TheReligionofPeace - Islam: Does Islam Condone Slavery?
TheReligionofPeace.comGuide to Understanding Islam
 
What does the Religion of PeaceTeach About...
Slavery
 
Question
:
 Does Islam condone slavery?
Summary Answer
:
 Far from ignoring or condemning slavery, Islam condones the horrible institution like no other religion.Muslims are encouraged to live in the way of Muhammad, who was a slave owner and trader. Hecaptured slaves in battle. He had sex with his slaves. And he instructed his men to do the same. In fact,the Qur'an has more to say about enjoying sex with slaves than it does about several of the so-called "fivepillars of Islam."
The Qur'an:
"O Prophet! We have made lawful to thee thy wives to whom thou hast paid their dowers;and those (slaves) whom thy right hand possesses out of the prisoners of war whom Allah has assigned tothee"
This is a special command that Muhammad handed down to himself, allowing himself virtuallyunlimited sex. Others are limited to four wives, but may also have sex with an unlimited number of slaves, as the following verse make clear:Sura (23:5-6)-
"..who abstain from sex, except with those joined to them in the marriage bond, or (thecaptives) whom their right hands possess..."
This verse allows the slave-owner to have sex with hisslaves. See alsoSura (70:29-30).Sura (4:24)-
"And all married women (are forbidden unto you) save those (captives) whom your right 
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TheReligionofPeace - Islam: Does Islam Condone Slavery?
hands possess."
Even sex with married slaves is permissible.Sura (24:32)-
"And marry those among you who are single and those who are fit among your male slavesand your female slaves..."
Breeding slaves based on fitness.Sura (2:178)-
"
O ye who believe! Retaliation is prescribed for you in the matter of the murdered;the freeman for the freeman, and the slave for the slave, and the female for the female."
Themessage of this verse, which prescribes the rules of retaliation for murder, is that all humans are
 not
created equal. The human value of a slave is less than that of a free person (and a woman'sworth is also distinguished from that of a man's).
 
From the Hadith:
"The Prophet said, 'The freed slave belongs to the people who have freed him.'"
Bukhari (52:255)- The slave who accepts Islam and continues serving his Muslim master willreceive a double reward in heaven. Bukhari (41.598)- Slaves are property. They cannot be freed if an owner has outstanding debt, butrather used to pay off the debt. Bukhari (62:137)- An account of women taken as slaves in battle by Muhammad's men after theirhusbands and fathers were killed. The woman were raped with Muhammad's approval. Bukhari (34:432)- Another account of females taken captive and raped with Muhammad'sapproval. In this case it is evident that the Muslims intend on selling the women after raping thembecause they are concerned about devaluing their price by impregnating them. Muhammad isasked about coitus interruptus. Bukhari (47.765)- A woman is rebuked by Muhammad for freeing a slave girl. The prophet tellsher that she would have gotten a greater heavenly reward by giving her to a relative (as a slave). Bukhari (34:351)- Muhammad sells a slave for money. He was thus a slave trader. Bukhari (72:734)- Some contemporary Muslims in the West, where slavery is believed to be ahorrible crime, are reluctant to believe that Muhammad owned slaves. This is just one of manyplaces in the Hadith where a reference is made to a human being owned by Muhammad. In thiscase, the slave is of African descent. Muslim 3901- Muhammad trades away two black slaves for one Muslim slave. Muslim 4112- A man freed six slaves on the event of his death, but Muhammad reversed theemancipation and kept four in slavery to himself. He cast lots to determine which two to free.
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TheReligionofPeace - Islam: Does Islam Condone Slavery?
 Bukhari (47:743)- Muhammad's own pulpit - from which he preached Islam - was built with slavelabor on his command. Bukhari (59:637)-
"The Prophet sent Ali to Khalid to bring the Khumus (of the booty) and I hated  Ali, and Ali had taken a bath (after a sexual act with a slave-girl from the Khumus). I said toKhalid, 'Don't you see this (i.e. Ali)?' When we reached the Prophet I mentioned that to him. Hesaid, 'O Buraida! Do you hate Ali?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Do you hate him, for he deserves morethan that from the Khumlus.'"
Muhammad approved of his men having sex with slaves, as thisepisode involving his son-in-law, Ali, clearly proves. This hadith refutes the modern apologistswho pretend that slaves were really "wives," since Muhammad had forbidden Ali from marryinganother woman as long as Fatima (his favorite daughter) was living. Abu Dawud (2150)-
"The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) sent a military expedition to Awtas on the occasion of the battle of Hunain. They met their enemy and fought with them. Theydefeated them and took them captives. Some of the Companions of the Apostle of Allah (may peacebe upon him) were reluctant to have
intercourse with the female captives in the presence of their husbands
who were unbelievers. So Allah, the Exalted, sent down the Qur’anic verse: (Sura 4:24)'And all married women (are forbidden) unto you save those (captives) whom your right hands possess.'"
This is the background for verse 4:24 of the Qur'an. Not only does Allah grantpermission for women to be captured and raped, but allows it to even be done in front of theirhusbands. Ibn Ishaq (734)- A slave girl is given a "violent beating" by Ali in the presence of Muhammad,who does nothing about it. 
Additional Notes:
Slavery is deeply embedded in Islamic law and tradition. Although a slave-owner is cautionedagainst treating slaves harshly, basic human rights are not obliged.Of the five references to freeing a slave in the Qur'an, three are prescribed as punitive measuresagainst the slaveholder for unrelated sin, and limits the emancipation to just a single slave.Another (24:33) appears to allow a slave to buy their freedom if they are "good." (This isconsistent with the traditional Islamic practice of wealth-building through the taking andransoming of hostages, which began under Muhammad). A tiny verse in one of the earliest Suras (90:13) does say that freeing a slave is good, however, thiswas "revealed" at a time when the Muslim community was miniscule and several of their new andpotential recruits were either actual slaves or newly freed slaves. Many of these same people, andMuhammad himself, later went on to become owners and traders of slaves, both male and female,as they acquired the power to do so. The language of the Qur'an changed to accommodate slavery,which is why this early verse has had negligible impact on slavery in the Islamic world. Contrary to popular myth, converting to Islam does
 not
automatically earn a slave his freedom,
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