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Higher Order Thinking Skill (HOTS) SSC Algebra

# Higher Order Thinking Skill (HOTS) SSC Algebra

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09/16/2013

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WWW.OMTEXCLASSES.COM
“THE HOME OF SUCCESS”

1.

If the sum of
terms of an A.P. is equal to the sum of
terms, then show that the sum of its
+
terms is zero.
Solution: Let

be the first term and
be the common difference of the given A.P.We know that,
=
2
2
+
1

But,
=
-------------------[given]
2
2
+
1
=
2
2
+
1

Cancelling12on both the side we get

2
+
1
=
2
+
1

2
+
−
=
2
+
−

2

+
2
−
=2

+
2
−

2

2

+
2
2
−
+

=0

2
+
2
2
=0

2
+
+

=0


2
+
+
=0

2
+

+
1
=0

2
+

+
1
=0
------------------------eq (1)But,
S
p+q
=
p+q2
[2
+

+
1
]

+
=
+
2
0
-----------------------------[from equation number (1)]
+
= 0

WWW.OMTEXCLASSES.COM
“THE HOME OF SUCCESS”

2. How many two
–
digit number leave the remainder 1 when divided by 5?
Solution:The first two
–
digit number dividable by 5 is 10. Therefore, first two digit number which would leaveremainder 1 when divided by 5 is 11.The last two
–
digit number divisible by 5 is 95. Therefore, last two digit number which would leave remainder1 when divided by 5 is 96.Now, we have,
1
=11,
=96,
and
=5.
We know that ,
=
+
1

96=11+
1
5

96
11=5
1

855=
1

17+1=

=18.
Ans. There are 18 two
–
digit number leave the remainder 1 when divided by 5.
3. How many terms of the A.P. 16, 14, 12, ……… are needed to give the sum 60? Explain why we get double
Solution: Here
S
n
=60,
=16, d=
2
We know that,
=
2
2
+
1

60=
2
2
16
+
1

2


60×2=
32
2
1


120=
32
2
+2

120=
34
2

120=34
2
2

2
2
34
+120=0

2
2
17
+60
=0

WWW.OMTEXCLASSES.COM
“THE HOME OF SUCCESS”

2
17
+60=02

2
12
5
+60=0

12
5
12
=0

12

5
=0

12=0


5=0

=12


=5.
Here, we get double answer, because of a quadratic equation giving both positive values.Ans. 12 terms or 5 terms.
4. If the 9
th
term of an A.P. is zero, then prove that 29
th
term is double the 19
th
term.
Ans. Let
be the first term and
be the common difference of the given A.P.Now,
=
+
1
For 9
th
term
9
=
+
9
1

0=
+8
-----------------------------------eq(1)
[
9
=0







]
For 19
th
term
19
=
+
19
1

19
=
+18

19
=
+8
+10

19
=0+10
---------------------------------[from equation (1)]
19
=10

------------------------------------eq (2)For 29
th
term
29
=
+
29
1

29
=
+28

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