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Nicolas Baygert, Anti-System Politics

Nicolas Baygert, Anti-System Politics

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Published by Nicolas Baygert
Baygert, N. (2003). Anti-System Politics. Alternative Normative Attractors in Chaotic Political Systems:
The Case of the Front National (Master’s thesis). University of Kent, Canterbury, UK.
Baygert, N. (2003). Anti-System Politics. Alternative Normative Attractors in Chaotic Political Systems:
The Case of the Front National (Master’s thesis). University of Kent, Canterbury, UK.

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Published by: Nicolas Baygert on Mar 13, 2012
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06/17/2013

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Nicolas BaygertNicolas Baygert
MA in International Relations
Anti-System PoliticsAnti-System Politics
Alternative Normative Attractors in Chaotic Political Systems:The Case of the
Front National 
University of KentDepartment of Politics and International Relations2003
Supervisors: Pr. Mervyn Frost & Dr. Stefan Rossbach
 
 
 A
NTI
-S
YSTEM
P
OLITICS
ContentsContents
 Acknowledgements
.........................................................................................................................................
3
 List of Abbreviations & Memorandum
.....................................................................................................................................4
1. Introduction: Towards a Reinterpretation of Politics
.....................................................................................................................................5
1.1. Chaos: A Metaphor for Alternative Questioning
.........................................................................................................................7
1.2. From Science to Social Systems
.........................................................................................................................8
1.3. For a Positive Reading of Chaos
.........................................................................................................................9
1.4. The Two Levels of the Metapho
........................................................................................................................10
2. From Theory to Practice: Complexity in Political Systems
....................................................................................................................................12
2.1. Ilya Prigogine: The Theory of Dissipative Structures
........................................................................................................................12
2.2. Entropy as the Breakdown of Meaning
........................................................................................................................14
2.3. Niklas Luhmann: Autopoiesis and Expectational Structures
2
 
 A
NTI
-S
YSTEM
P
OLITICS
........................................................................................................................15
3. Ideology as Autopoietic requirement
....................................................................................................................................19
3.1. The Negentropic Dynamic of the Left-Right Cleavage
........................................................................................................................19
3.2. The
Front National 
: Beyond the Parasitical Syndrome
........................................................................................................................21
3.3. From Parasite to Ideological Pole
........................................................................................................................24
3.4. A Brief Excursion in the FN Worldview.............................................................................................................
27
4. Diagnostic of the French Political System
....................................................................................................................................32
4.1. The Phenomenon of Desideologisation
........................................................................................................................32
4.2. The Re-interpretative Dynamic of the Political System
........................................................................................................................36
4.3. ‘Neither right nor left, French!’ The FN’s Anti-System Stance
........................................................................................................................40
4.4. The
Lepenisation
of Political Discourse
........................................................................................................................43
5. Conclusion: From Metaphor to Prescription
....................................................................................................................................48
3

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