CHEMICAL CO-ORDINATION IN LIVING ORGANISMS
We shall now study the functions of thyroxine. They include :
Break down of food and release of energy
Growth and activity of the brain
Growth of body
Maintenance of healthy skin
Heart-beatLet us see how abnormal secretion of Thyroxine affects various functions in ourbody.
A condition caused by under-productionof Thyroxine. It is characterized by :•Low energy production•Bloating of body•Slowing down of heart-beat•Loss of appetite, lethargy•Dry skin
A condition caused by over-productionof Thyroxine. The symptoms are :•
Energy production increases
Emaciation of body
Shivering of hands
The symptoms due to the deficiency of thyroxine are clear from the above mentionedpoints. Apart from these, it also causes acondition characterized by the retardation of mental and physical development. Thiscondition is termed cretinism. But in adultthe deficiency of thyroxie leads to a diseaseglands or ductless glands. The hormoneshave action only in a target organ or tissue.Observe the figure 5.1 and study thevarious endocrine glands in the human bodyand their position. We shall now learn aboutthe various hormones and their functions.
This is the largest endocrine gland in thehuman body. Study the figure 5.1 and findits position. Have you noticed the two lobesof this gland? The thyroid gland produces
the hormone called Thyroxine. Iodine isrequired for the production of this hormone.Have you heard of goitre? What are itssymptoms? The enlargement of thyroid glanddue to deficiency of iodine in blood is termedgoitre. This condition can be prevented byeating small fishes and vegetables whichcontain iodine.