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Dai History by English version

Dai History by English version

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Published by Dai Thetsaw
Dai History by English version aims for the know the Dai people around the world
Dai History by English version aims for the know the Dai people around the world

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Published by: Dai Thetsaw on Nov 29, 2008
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10/26/2009

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Geographical features of Dai Land
Dai land is situated on the west of Mindat township, the north - west ofKanpetlet township, the north - east of Paletwa township and the south - east ofMatupi township. The Dai land is located in the southern part of the Chin land(Chin state), Myanmar. It is also located between north latitude 20 ˚ 30' and 21˚ 30’,and between east longitude 93˚ 10' and 94˚ 10'. The longest part of its land is about120 miles (193.08 km) and the narrowest part is roughly 60 miles (96.54 km). The Dailand is situated between 800 m to 3200 m above the sea level. The highest mountainin Dai land is Khawnusuum (Mt.Victoria).Its has got slope ranges of mountains anda few plains near the Laymyo River and Moun River.
Climate
Dai land has got three climate summer, winter and rainy season. The Dai land islocated in temperate zone. The temperature is between 5˚ C and 20˚ C. Especially therainy season is started the end of May to the end of October.
Environment Current Issue
Cut and burn methods of plantation or slashing methods makes deforestation.Widely searching of natural resources such as wild orchid species, faunas and florasare worry natural resources largely losing. Myanmar military government’s wellknown cutting and selling of teaks and timber is the majority of destroying the Dailand. Cutting and selling of the pine wood is the most dangerous deforesting in nearMt.Khawnusuum areas. Generally hunting, electrical fishing, searching, digging,cutting all natural resources are vanishing resources.
Natural Resources
In Dai land there are many kinds of faunas and flora. The Dai land is the richestof natural resources in Chin state.
(a) Fauna
Tiger, bear, elephant, monkey, leopard, barking deer, fox, cat, snake, reptiles andamphibian, birds and so on.
(b) Floral
Varieties of wild orchid species, cherry, rhododendron, teak, timber, pine, bamboo species, rattan.., and so on.
 
Population
In Dai land about 60,000 native people are inhabitants, within the original tribethere are many small minor ethnics. They are original residents of Dai land. Theoverall Dai population is estimately 90,000. Some of Dai people live in aroundMyanmar and all over the world. By history researcher Dai people are derivativefrom Sino - Tibetan, Tibeto - Burma, Kuki - Chin - Naga, Kuki - Chin, Chin - Dai.
Political Division
By Myanmar (Burma) government Dai land is divided into four parts withinsouthern Chin state of Kanpetlet ,Mindat,Matupi and Paletwa township. Today Dailand is comprises wintin Chin state, Myanmar. So the local government made to beseparated of Dai land and they used to called Kanpetlet Dai, Mindat Dai, Matu Daiand Paletwa Dai. In Chin state Dai population is 10 percentages of Chin people. The biggest forest of Chin state is situated in Dai land. There is no town, high school,hospital in Dai land. The military government ruling systems make Dai people to bepoor and not to be educated. Regrettably there is no modern transportation systemsuch as road, railway and air port. Along with it there is also neither oftelecommunication nor internet system (World Wide Web). So the Dai land is one ofthe poorest development places of the world.
Cuisine
Dai people used to cook and eat their cuisine within their festivals,ceremoniesand every day. The curry of Guuk Booi (cooking with ash filterd water or lye) is thefamous traditional curry. The main component of Guuk Booi is produced fromfiltering water to passing through banana tree, straw,bamboos and medicinal herbsash. Chicken with Dai coriander salad is the favourite dish of Dai people. Rosellesoup is the most popular soup of Dai people. Other cooking methods are boiling, baking,roasting and barbecuing the vegetables and meats. The local people makeKhai Peh (boiled pack of snack making stickery rice with banana leaf) and share toevery body and neighbors within the days of harvesting and thanks giving day.Medicinal herbs such as turmeric powder, ginger, mints, garlic, lemon grass,coriander, chives, cinnamon, pepper and chilly are the most useful spices of Daicurry. Yo Leng (cooking curry in bamboo) is the most delicious dish of Dai ethniccooking.
 
Costumes
Dai people adorably used to wear traditional hand woven cotton clothes. Ladiesand women are wearing such as phyang (look liked shirt), nghi Le (skirt),yisa sen,yisa pauk (sewing tower for wearing waist to ankle). Previous time men used towear only khyu (underwear), mengpen, ng’ae, nghai(men ear lobe),lupung(turban),lu sui(topknot),kyum loi(two long tails of drongo),aai loi (long tail of cock). Womencommonly dress sungphui, mya kang,phui song (Dai belt),mole (colourful beads),htae(braclet), ngha thaen (ear lobe), lu keh (hairpin). Only ladies tattoo on theirfaces, arm, calf (especially on their faces have fully tattoo style). There is much kindof tattoo styles, depend on their small minority ethnic. Dai hand woven styles arehigh standard and quality until today. Women wave themselves blanket for theirfamily using.
Languages
Dai language is the mother tongue of all Dai tribes. There are slightly differentstyles of using their ethnic tongue those minor ethnic groups who live in KanpetletTownship and Matupi Township. Even though slightly different styles of usingdialect each minority understand the other tongue. Dai literature is developed theyear of around 1990s by the help of German people. The alphabets are based onGerman alphabets. Dai language code is dao and international standardorganization number is 639-3. Part of Christian bible, New Testament translation isfinished on the year of 1996. Dai literature is widely used in Christian religion. Daipeople can speak other languages those ethnic groups who live near their regionsuch as Mün, Ya, Utbü, Matu, Zotung, and Burmese. There are trying to prepare forthe publication of Dai - English dictionary.
Education
In Dai land there are only basic education middle schools (from 5 years to 14years students). Basic primary school is nearly open in all villages but the localpeople can not learn properly and functionally. Attached basic education highschool is opened in a few villages. There are around 1000 educated people (Bachelordegree). Nowadays Dai people are studying for their further education in variousChristian colleges such as many capital cities of Yangon, Falam, Mandalay, Kalay,Maymyo. So a lot of Dai people can not study for their further education, only 1percentage of Dai people can go to colleges or universities. So the 99 percentages ofDai people can not study other educations such as computer training internettraining, polytechnic school and human resources training.

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