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Special Senses

Special Senses

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Published by Willy Butler

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Published by: Willy Butler on Mar 13, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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SPECIAL SENSESCircle the correct response: (two points apiece)1. The term "special senses" applies to which of the following?a)touchb)tastec)sightd)smelle)hearingf)equilibriumg)all except a2. Accessory structures of the eye include which of the following? a)extrinsic eye musclesb)eyelidsc)conjunctivad)lacrimal apparatuse)all of the above3. Which of the following structures protect the eye? a)eyelids and lashesb)meibomian and ciliary glandsc)conjunctivad)lacrimal glandse)fat and bonef)all of the aboveg)all except e4. Lacrimal secretions contain which of the following?a)sodium chloride solutionb)antibodiesc)lysozymed)all of the abovee)all except a5. The tunics of the eye include which of the following? a)sclerab)choroidsc)retinad)all of the above
6. The transparent portion of the sclera is called the cornea. (true) (false)7. When the sclerae are yellowed, liver disease may be suspected. (true) (false)8. Structures associated with the choroid include ciliary body, lens, iris and pupil. (true) (false)9. Structures found in the retina include rods, cones, optic nerve and optic disk. (true) (false)10. Vitamin A is essential for the prevention of night blindness. (true) (false)11. Rods are most dense at the periphery of the retina. (true) (false)12. The fovea centralis contains only cones. (true) (false)13. Genetic defects in number and/or types of cones results in color blindness. (true) (false)14. The diagnostic term for a hardened and opaque lens is "cataract". (true) (false)15. The anterior chamber of the eye is filled with vitreous humor. (true) (false)16. The posterior chamber of the e
is filled with aqueous humor. (true) (false)17. Glaucoma is a disease characterized by increased intraocular pressure. (true) (false)18. The ability of the eye to focus on close objects is called accommodation. (true) (false)19. Nearsightedness (myopia) occurs when the focal point is in front of the retina. (true) (false)20. In farsightedness (hyperopia) the focal point is behind the retina. (true) (false)21. The word emmetropia describes an image focused exactly on the retina. (true) (false)22. Exophthalmos, commonly known as "bug-eyes", can suggest thyroid disease. (true) (false)23. Binocular vision occurs when a person uses lenses to magnify objects. (true) (false)24. Though eyes are frontal organs, actual sight occurs in the occipital region. (true) (false)25. Hemianopia, or half-field vision, can result from damage to the visual cortex. (true) (false)26. Convergence is the reflexive medial movement of the eyes for close focus. (true) (false)27. A decrease in pupil size while viewing close objects is called the photopupillary reflex.(true) (false)28. A decrease in pupil size in the presence of sudden bright light is called the accommodation pupilreflex. (true) (false)

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