3. Agree to abide by the Rome Principles andalign financing with recognized countryinvestment plans as the default option wheresuch plans are available
and encourage allother donors (bilateral, multilateral, privateinstitutions and organizations) to do the same. Incountries without country investment plans,donors should support partner country efforts todevelop new plans that address both foodsecurity and nutrition through multi-stakeholderprocesses with full civil society participation.
Ensure robust financing for multilateralmechanisms
so as to improve sustainableagricultural productivity, rural economicdevelopment and/or malnutrition such asGAFSP
, and theCAADP
Multi Donor Trust Fund.
In 2008, food prices spiked around the world as the globaleconomy plummeted, thrusting more than 100 millionvulnerable people into hunger and poverty on top ofalready existing and staggeringly high numbers ofmalnourished children and vulnerable populations, andcreating civil unrest as people rioted to protest the lack ofaccess to food.As leaders in the nonprofit field, we understand that theeconomic environment continues to be a hurdle to long-term development funding. However, now is not the timeto scale back on agricultural, nutrition and food securitycommitments. The recent crisis in the Horn of Africa hasprovided evidence both that need remains high, and thatprograms to blunt the worst effects of a crisis aresucceeding.In the Horn of Africa, millions of people are still sufferingfrom the ongoing food crisis. Yet in parts of Ethiopia andKenya, years of intensive efforts to prepare for a disasterhave paid dividends. While far too many people were stillaffected by the most recent drought, millions more werespared from the worst effects by cooperative efforts bynational governments and international donors to buildproductive social safety nets and long-term food security.
As Secretary Clinton said in August, 2011, “The last time a
drought of this magnitude struck Ethiopia, in 2002 and2003, more than 13 million people faced starvation. Today,
fewer than 5 million do.”
6 Global investments ininfrastructure, agriculture, nutrition, safety nets, and earlywarning systems are paying dividends in the form of livessaved.The food price crisis brought with it a global focus on theneed to increase agricultural production. However, lessonsfrom the Green Revolution and more recent research haveled to an increasing recognition that simply producing morefood is not enough to bring about a healthy and hunger-free world. Investment in agriculture needs to be:combined with targeted investments in nutrition; focusedon women, who make up the majority of the world'sproducers; and resilient to climate change, which isexpected to hit the poorest countries the hardest.Nutrition is being addressed at both the highest multilaterallevel and the grassroots level through the Scaling UpNutrition (SUN) Framework. The SUN Framework hasbeen developed by specialists from governments,academia, research institutions, civil society, privatecompanies, development agencies, UN organizations andthe World Bank. It has been endorsed by more than 100organizations and was unveiled in Washington in April2010 at a meeting co-hosted by Canada, Japan, USAIDand the World Bank. The SUN Framework is designed tohelp national governments, civil society, donors, and theUN system to coordinate their efforts. The U.S.Government helped launch the 1,000 Days Partnership tobring specific attention to the nutritional needs in the critical
1,000 days window from pregnancy until a child’s second
birthday.In the world today, one child in four is stunted due tomalnutrition7, and in developing countries this figure is ashigh as one in three8. Poverty, malnutrition and diseasework in a deadly cycle. Poor children are more likely to bemalnourished, malnourished children are more likely tosuffer from disease, and the more they suffer from diseasethe more likely they are to be malnourished, which leads tolower productivity and poverty later in life. Inadequate foodintake leads to weight loss, and a weakened immune